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[par-uh-sahyd] /ˈpær əˌsaɪd/
the act of killing one's father, mother, or other close relative.
a person who commits such an act.
Origin of parricide
1545-55; < Latin parricīdum act of kin-murder, parricīda kin-killer, equivalent to pāri- (akin to Greek pāós, Attic pēós kinsman) + -cīdum, -cida -cide
Related forms
parricidal, adjective
Can be confused
matricide, parricide, patricide. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for parricide


the act of killing either of one's parents
a person who kills his parent
Derived Forms
parricidal, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin parricīdium murder of a parent or relative, and from parricīda one who murders a relative, from parri- (element related to Greek pēos kinsman) + -cīdium, -cīda-cide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for parricide

1. "person who kills a parent or near relative" (1550s), also 2. "act of killing parent or near relative" (1560s), both from Middle French parricide (13c. in sense 1, 16c. in sense 2), from 1. Latin parricida, 2. Latin parricidium, probably from parus "relative" (of uncertain origin, but cf. Greek paos, peos "relation," Sanskrit purushah "man") + 1. cida "killer," 2. cidium "killing," both from caedere (see -cide).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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