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parvenu

[pahr-vuh-noo, -nyoo, pahr-vuh-noo, -nyoo]
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noun
  1. a person who has recently or suddenly acquired wealth, importance, position, or the like, but has not yet developed the conventionally appropriate manners, dress, surroundings, etc.
adjective
  1. being or resembling a parvenu.
  2. characteristic of a parvenu.

Origin of parvenu

1795–1805; < French: upstart, noun use of past participle of parvenir to arrive, reach < Latin pervenīre, equivalent to per- per- + venīre to come
Related formspar·ve·nu·dom, nounpar·ve·nu·ism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for parvenu

parvenu

noun
  1. a person, esp a man, who, having risen socially or economically, is considered to be an upstart or to lack the appropriate refinement for his or her new position
adjective
  1. of or characteristic of a parvenu

Word Origin

C19: from French, from parvenir to attain, from Latin pervenīre, from per through + venīre to come
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for parvenu

n.

"upstart," 1802, from French parvenu, "said of an obscure person who has made a great fortune" (Littré); noun use of past participle of parvenir "to arrive" (12c.), from Latin pervenire "to come up, arrive, attain," from per- "through" (see per (prep.)) + venire "to come" (see venue). As an adjective from 1828.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper