involuntary inhaling of smoke created by others
Traditional pashtun support for the education of daughters has been undermined by threats against their fathers.
Her emotional declaration was all the more memorable because Hokmina wore the turban and clothes of a pashtun man.
Indeed, one of the clear lessons both of 2005 and 2009 is the widespread disaffection of the pashtun Taliban belt.
One was a Kashmiri, the other a pashtun; neither had met a Jew in his life.
Fifty percent of the Afghan population is pashtun, he noted.
Yes, indeed, Pakistanis are helping President Hamid Karzai talk with his fellow pashtun Taliban.
When partition came in 1947, the pashtun demanded the redrawing of the old borders of the Raj so as not to bisect their homeland.
The two recruit from many of the same pashtun tribes along the border and have long been allies.
The Taliban has deep roots in this south-central pashtun province, often described as "Afghanistan's Appalachia" by the Americans.
Much of the pashtun south and east of the country was wracked by escalating violence.