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[peen-l-ahyz, pen-] /ˈpin lˌaɪz, ˈpɛn-/
verb (used with object), penalized, penalizing.
to subject to a penalty, as a person.
to declare (an action, deed, etc.) punishable by law or rule.
to put under a disadvantage or handicap.
Also, especially British, penalise.
Origin of penalize
First recorded in 1865-70; penal + -ize
Related forms
penalizable, adjective
penalization, noun
nonpenalized, adjective
overpenalization, noun
overpenalize, verb (used with object), overpenalized, overpenalizing.
repenalize, verb (used with object), repenalized, repenalizing.
unpenalized, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for penalised
Historical Examples
  • One woman only picked oakum all day; she was the one who was penalised.

  • In other words, these innocent and innocuous marks are regarded as defects and penalised accordingly.

  • One after another Irish industries were penalised and crippled by being forbidden all part in the export trade.

  • Once again, as in the eighteenth century, Ireland would be penalised for being a poor and "sweated" country.

  • If once a national system sufficient for destitution was inaugurated, the man who will not work could be penalised.

  • At the latter part of this period, narrow wheels were penalised more heavily than broad wheels.

    The King's Post R. C. Tombs
  • Harris failed to gain through Claflin's left tackle and Brimfield was penalised fifteen yards for holding.

    Left End Edwards Ralph Henry Barbour
  • It penalised women for staying in the home, which most men agree is women's only legitimate sphere of action.

    My Own Story Emmeline Pankhurst
  • Only those sheets which are "found in the defendant's possession" are penalised.

  • But a smash at the centre was hurled back and on the next play she was caught holding and penalised.

    Left Tackle Thayer Ralph Henry Barbour
British Dictionary definitions for penalised


verb (transitive)
to impose a penalty on (someone), as for breaking a law or rule
to inflict a handicap or disadvantage on
(sport) to award a free stroke, point, or penalty against (a player or team)
to declare (an act) legally punishable; make subject to a penalty
Derived Forms
penalization, penalisation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for penalised



1868, from penal + -ize. Related: Penalized; penalizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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