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pendant

[pen-duh nt]
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noun Also pendent.
  1. a hanging ornament, as an earring or the main piece suspended from a necklace.
  2. an ornament suspended from a roof, vault, or ceiling.
  3. a hanging electrical lighting fixture; chandelier.
  4. that by which something is suspended, as the ringed stem of a watch.
  5. a match, parallel, companion, or counterpart.
  6. Also pennant. Nautical. a length of rope attached to a masthead, the end of a yardarm, etc., and having a block or thimble secured to its free end.
adjective
  1. pendent.

Origin of pendant

1300–50; Middle English pendaunt < Anglo-French; Middle French pendant, noun use of present participle of pendre to hang < Vulgar Latin *pendere for Latin pendēre. See pend, -ant
Related formspend·ant·ed, adjectivepend·ant·like, adjectivenon·pend·ant, adjectiveun·pend·ant, adjective
Can be confusedpendant pendent pennant pundit
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for pendant

pendant

noun
    1. an ornament that hangs from a piece of jewellery
    2. a necklace with such an ornament
  1. a hanging light, esp a chandelier
  2. a carved ornament that is suspended from a ceiling or roof
  3. something that matches or complements something else
  4. Also called: pennant nautical a length of wire or rope secured at one end to a mast or spar and having a block or other fitting at the lower end
adjective
  1. a variant spelling of pendent

Word Origin

C14: from Old French, from pendre to hang, from Latin pendēre to hang down; related to Latin pendere to hang, pondus weight, Greek span to pull
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pendant

n.

early 14c., "loose, hanging part of anything," from Anglo-French pendaunt "hanging" (c.1300), Old French pendant (13c.), noun use of present participle of pendre "to hang," from Latin pendere "to hang," from PIE root *(s)pen(d)- "to pull, draw, stretch" (see span (v.)). Meaning "dangling part of an earring" is attested from 1550s. Nautical sense of "tapering flag" is recorded from late 15c. "In this sense presumably a corruption of pennon" [OED].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper