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[pen-tuh-took, -tyook] /ˈpɛn təˌtuk, -ˌtyuk/
the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
Origin of Pentateuch
< Late Latin Pentateuchus < Late Greek pentáteuchos, equivalent to Greek penta- penta- + teûchos tool, vessel (Late Greek: scroll case book)
Related forms
Pentateuchal, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for pentateuchal


the first five books of the Old Testament regarded as a unity
Derived Forms
Pentateuchal, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Church Latin pentateuchus, from Greek penta- + teukhos tool (in Late Greek: scroll)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for pentateuchal


first five books of the Bible, c.1400, from Late Latin pentateuchus (Tertullian, c.207), from Greek pentateukhos (c.160), originally an adjective (abstracted from phrase pentateukhos biblos), from pente "five" (see five) + teukhos "implement, vessel, gear" (in Late Greek "book," via notion of "case for scrolls"), literally "anything produced," related to teukhein "to make ready," from PIE *dheugh- "to produce something of utility" (see doughty).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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