Trisyllabic verbs throw the stress back and shorten the penultima, as 'dsŏlate', 'sffŏcate', 'scntĭllate'.
Disyllables lengthen the penultima, as 'stable', 'title', 'pupil'.
These words, as the reader will observe, are accented either on the first syllable or the penultima.
A fully stressed vowel before a mute and r, or before d or pl, was pronounced long in the penultima.
But Ἀργυρία, with the accent on the penultima, becomes the name of a town.
With no vowel before the penultima the long quality is, as usual, preserved, as in 'satiety'.
Whether the penultima has more than a secondary stress is a matter of dispute.
The penultima in English is short whether it was long or, as in 'dynamite' and 'malachite', short in Greek.
Cesarĕa is decidedly a Latin word Grcised, and yet it is usual to read this with an accent on the penultima.
But when the penultima is made long the last syllable also is made long, and then the word is like , and , and .
1580s, from Latin penultima (syllaba), "the next to the last syllable of a word or verse," from fem. of Latin adjective penultimus "next-to-last," from paene "almost" + ultimus "final" (see ultimate).