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penury

[pen-yuh-ree] /ˈpɛn yə ri/
noun
1.
extreme poverty; destitution.
2.
scarcity; dearth; inadequacy; insufficiency.
Origin of penury
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin pēnūria; akin to Greek peîna hunger, penía poverty
Synonyms
1. indigence, need, want.
Antonyms
1. wealth.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for penury

penury

/ˈpɛnjʊrɪ/
noun
1.
extreme poverty
2.
extreme scarcity
Word Origin
C15: from Latin pēnūria dearth, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for penury
n.

c.1400, from Latin penuria "want, need; scarcity," related to paene "scarcely."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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