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peruke

[puh-rook] /pəˈruk/
noun
1.
a man's wig of the 17th and 18th centuries, usually powdered and gathered at the back of the neck with a ribbon; periwig.
Origin of peruke
1540-1550
First recorded in 1540-50, peruke is from the Middle French word perruque head of hair, wig, of disputed orig.
Related forms
peruked, adjective
perukeless, adjective
unperuked, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for perukes
Historical Examples
  • To be a gentleman was a matter of silk breeches and perukes and late hours?

    In the Valley Harold Frederic
  • Wigs, perukes, or periwigs, were revived in the seventeenth century.

  • Cards and tables do offend him, and perukes do fall within the compass of his theme.

  • The divine was a man who placed charity above rubrics, and discarded bigotry as he did perukes.

  • Mrs. Archer went softly up to the maker of perukes, and whispered something in his ear.

    The Monctons Susanna Moodie
  • Further, send me eight confidential discreet men of my height and size, with eight perukes, exactly the cut of mine.

    Old Fritz and the New Era Louise Muhlbach
  • He describes these Horonites of wit as “magnificent fops, whose talents reach but to the adjusting of their perukes.”

  • Wig, said my master, he wants none; for his own venerable white locks are better than all the perukes in England.

    Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded Samuel Richardson
  • One of these perukes would sometimes cost forty or fifty pounds.

    The Town Leigh Hunt
  • Artificial hair, for the manufacture of perukes, is dyed in the same manner as wool.

    The Art of Perfumery G. W. Septimus Piesse
British Dictionary definitions for perukes

peruke

/pəˈruːk/
noun
1.
a type of wig for men, fashionable in the 17th and 18th centuries Also called periwig
Word Origin
C16: from French perruque, from Italian perrucca wig, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for perukes

peruke

n.

1540s, "natural head of hair," from Middle French perruque (late 15c.), from Italian perrucca "head of hair, wig," of uncertain origin; supposed by some to be connected to Latin pilus "hair," "but the phonetic difficulties are considerable" [OED]. Meaning "artificial head of hair, periwig" is attested from 1560s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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13
15
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