The tendency of Petrarchism was also in the direction of romanticism.
Petrarchism became a fashion among the mediocre and a school among these above the common.
Petrarchism returned, madrigals came in vogue, the social atmosphere was deodorized again.
Lyrical poets prefer the conscious shams of Petrarchism to any genuine utterance of emotion.
From this period also dates that literary phenomenon known under the name of Petrarchism.