- a combining form meaning “rock,” “stone,” used in the formation of compound words: petrology.
Origin of petro-1
< Greek, combining form of pétra rock, pétros a stone
- a combining form meaning “petroleum,” “the extraction and export of petroleum,” used in the formation of compound words: petrochemistry; petropower.
Origin of petro-2
extracted from petroleum
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
before a vowel petr-
- indicating stone or rockpetrology
- indicating petroleum, its products, etcpetrochemical
- of or relating to a petroleum-producing countrypetrostate
from Greek petra rock or petros stone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for petro-
before vowels petr-, word-forming element used from 19c., from comb. form of Greek petros "stone," petra "rock" (see petrous).
word-forming element used from mid-20c. to mean "of or having to do with petroleum products," from petroleum.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Rock; stone; stone-like hardness:petrous.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.