village in Sussex, England, site where a fossil humanoid skull was said to have been found (1912), proved a fraud in 1953.
It is possible that the Mauer jaw and the piltdown skull belong to this stage.
The piltdown individual, on the other hand, has crossed the Rubicon.
Another offshoot from the main line is probably represented by the piltdown man, found in Sussex in 1912.
Of all anthropoids this jaw most nearly resembles that of the piltdown man.
Chellean probably represents the earliest work in Europe of a pre-Neanderthal type like piltdown man.
Since the piltdown man was found in association with such implements, it is at once seen that the two questions hang together.
Upon these fragile piltdown fragments alone more than a hundred books, pamphlets, and papers have been written.
The prognathous or protruding tooth rows and receding chin suggest those in the Heidelberg, piltdown, and Neanderthal races.
As to the piltdown jaw-bone, the best study of it is that by Smith Woodward, who first described it and the canine found later.
The bony remains discovered at piltdown in Sussex display a creature still ascending only very gradually from the sub-human.