Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

pinion2

[pin-yuh n]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
noun
  1. the distal or terminal segment of the wing of a bird consisting of the carpus, metacarpus, and phalanges.
  2. the wing of a bird.
  3. a feather.
  4. the flight feathers collectively.
verb (used with object)
  1. to cut off the pinion of (a wing) or bind (the wings), as in order to prevent a bird from flying.
  2. to disable or restrain (a bird) in such a manner.
  3. to bind (a person's arms or hands) so they cannot be used.
  4. to disable (someone) in such a manner; shackle.
  5. to bind or hold fast, as to a thing: to be pinioned to one's bad habits.

Origin of pinion2

1400–50; late Middle English pynyon < Middle French pignon wing, pinion < Vulgar Latin *pinniōn (stem of pinniō), derivative of Latin pinna feather, wing, fin
Related formsun·pin·ioned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for pinioned

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • He felt the paper thrust into his hands, reached for her wrists, and pinioned them.

    The Leopard Woman

    Stewart Edward White

  • Unarmed and taken at a vantage, I was struck down and pinioned in a moment.

    Micah Clarke

    Arthur Conan Doyle

  • Responsive to that gesture, Gonzaga faced the pinioned captain truculently.

    Love-at-Arms

    Raphael Sabatini

  • The same tentacle, assisted by a new one, pinioned his shoulders.

    Acid Bath

    Vaseleos Garson

  • Then as it descended between his legs he found one of them pinioned.

    The Plunderer

    Roy Norton


British Dictionary definitions for pinioned

pinion1

noun
  1. mainly poetic a bird's wing
  2. the part of a bird's wing including the flight feathers
verb (tr)
  1. to hold or bind (the arms) of (a person) so as to restrain or immobilize him
  2. to confine or shackle
  3. to make (a bird) incapable of flight by removing that part of (the wing) from which the flight feathers grow

Word Origin

C15: from Old French pignon wing, from Latin pinna wing

pinion2

noun
  1. a cogwheel that engages with a larger wheel or rack, which it drives or by which it is driven

Word Origin

C17: from French pignon cogwheel, from Old French peigne comb, from Latin pecten comb; see pecten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pinioned

pinion

n.1

"wing joint, segment of a bird's wing," mid-15c., from Old French pignon "wing-feather, wing, pinion" (c.1400), from Vulgar Latin *pinnionem (nominative *pinnio), augmentative of Latin pinna "wing" (see pin (n.)).

pinion

n.2

"small wheel with teeth to gear with a larger one" (as in rack and pinion), 1650s, from French pignon "pinion" (16c.), literally "gable," from Old French pignon "pointed gable, summit," from Vulgar Latin *pinnionem, augmentative of Latin pinna "battlement, pinnacle" (see pin (n.)).

pinion

v.

"disable by binding the arms," 1550s, older in English than literal sense "cut or bind the pinions (of a bird's wing) to prevent flying" (1570s); from pinion (n.1). Related: Pinioned.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

  • About
  • Cookies, Terms, & Privacy
© 2018 Dictionary.com, LLC.