The defenders of Pope Pius XII argue that he worked diplomatically to save the lives of thousands of Jews.
The Vatican is on the defensive as Jewish groups object to its decision to move Pius XII, the wartime pope, toward sainthood.
But of course, there is the now fading memory of the election that followed the long pontificate of Pius XII.
The pope also wants to skirt another recent source of conflict with Israel—the planned beatification of Pope Pius XII.
The older stove, where the ballots will be burned, was first used in 1939 to elect Pope Pius XII in just three votes.