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plain2

[pleyn]
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verb (used without object) British Dialect.
  1. to complain.
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Origin of plain2

1250–1300; Middle English plei(g)nen < Old French plaign-, stem of plaindre < Latin plangere to beat (the breast, etc.), lament; akin to Greek plḗssein to strike
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for plaining

Historical Examples

  • I have spent several years in the plaining mills of the south.

    The Journal of Negro History, Volume 4, 1919

    Various

  • Tom Rochford followed frowning, a plaining hand on his claret waistcoat.

    Ulysses

    James Joyce

  • Now am I come where many a plaining voice Smites on mine ear.

  • Alois came, speaking of old sins; and you are here, plaining of new sins: what shall I do, now I am here?

  • Then looked he for the mark of the bite, plaining of its pang, and he could find the mark nowhere.


British Dictionary definitions for plaining

plain1

adjective
  1. flat or smooth; level
  2. not complicated; clearthe plain truth
  3. not difficult; simple or easya plain task
  4. honest or straightforward
  5. lowly, esp in social rank or education
  6. without adornment or showa plain coat
  7. (of fabric) without pattern or of simple untwilled weave
  8. not attractive
  9. not mixed; simpleplain vodka
  10. knitting of or done in plain
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noun
  1. a level or almost level tract of country, esp an extensive treeless region
  2. a simple stitch in knitting made by putting the right needle into a loop on the left needle, passing the wool round the right needle, and pulling it through the loop, thus forming a new loop
  3. (in billiards)
    1. the unmarked white ball, as distinguished from the spot balls
    2. the player using this ball
  4. (in Ireland) short for plain porter, a light portertwo pints of plain, please
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adverb
  1. (intensifier)just plain tired
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See also plains
Derived Formsplainly, adverbplainness, noun

Word Origin

C13: from Old French: simple, from Latin plānus level, distinct, clear

plain2

verb
  1. a dialect or poetic word for complain
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Word Origin

C14 pleignen, from Old French plaindre to lament, from Latin plangere to beat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for plaining

plain

adj.

c.1300, "flat, smooth," from Old French plain "flat, smooth, even" (12c.), from Latin planus "flat, even, level" (see plane (n.1)). Sense of "evident" is from, c.1300; that of "free from obstruction" is early 14c.; meaning "simple, sincere, ordinary" is recorded from late 14c., especially of dress, "unembellished, without decoration."

In reference to the dress and speech of Quakers, it is recorded from 1824; of Amish and Mennonites, from 1894 (in the Dutch regions of Pennsylvania Plain with the capital is shorthand adjective for "Amish and Old Order Mennonite"). Of appearance, as a euphemism for "ill-favored, ugly" it dates from 1749. Of envelopes from 1913. As an adverb from early 14c. Plain English is from c.1500. Plain dealer "one who deals plainly or speaks candidly" is from 1570s, marked "Now rare" in OED 2nd edition. To be as plain as the nose on (one's) face is from 1690s.

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plain

n.

"level country," c.1300 (in reference to Salisbury Plain), from Old French plain "open countryside," from Latin planum "level ground, plain," noun use of neuter of planus (adj.) "flat, even, level" (see plane (n.1)). Latin planum was used for "level ground" but much more common was campus.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

plaining in Science

plain

[plān]
  1. An extensive, relatively level area of land. Plains are present on all continents except Antarctica and are most often located in the interior regions. Because they can occur at almost any altitude or latitude, plains can be humid and forested, semiarid and grass-covered, or arid.
  2. A broad, level expanse, such as an area of the sea floor or a lunar mare.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with plaining

plain

In addition to the idioms beginning with plain

also see:

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.