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[plahyt] /plaɪt/
verb (used with object)
to pledge (one's troth) in engagement to marry.
to bind (someone) by a pledge, especially of marriage.
to give in pledge, as one's word, or to pledge, as one's honor.
Archaic. pledge.
Origin of plight2
before 1000; (noun) Middle English; Old English pliht danger, risk; cognate with Dutch plicht, German Pflicht duty, obligation; (v.) Middle English plighten, Old English plihtan (derivative of the noun) to endanger, risk, pledge; cognate with Old High German phlichten to engage oneself, Middle Dutch plihten to guarantee
Related forms
plighter, noun
unplighted, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for plighted
Historical Examples
  • And when they were young they loved one another and plighted their troth.

  • Not that she has any fear of his fealty, or that he will prove traitor to his troth now plighted.

    The Lone Ranche Captain Mayne Reid
  • She did not blame herself in the least nor recall that Stair was only keeping his pledged and plighted word.

    Patsy S. R. Crockett
  • Your niece has plighted her faith to me, and I have plighted mine to her.

    Barnaby Rudge Charles Dickens
  • The coy warrior-maiden would fain break her plighted word; and we, here in our weakness, shall perish from her wrath.

    The Story of Siegfried James Baldwin
  • Yet you sought to dispose of her against her heart, against her nature, against her plighted word.

    St. Martin's Summer Rafael Sabatini
  • He knew that she considered herself, and was considered by another, as pledged and plighted.

    The Guardian Angel Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
  • Probably, indeed, the lad would side with them, despite his plighted word.

    The Tavern Knight Rafael Sabatini
  • Nathless he surrendered empire true to faith and plighted word, Lived for years in pathless forests Indra-prastha's mighty lord!

    Maha-bharata Anonymous
  • To the chains of duty, honor, gratitude, had been added that of his plighted word.

    Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer Cyrus Townsend Brady
British Dictionary definitions for plighted


a condition of extreme hardship, danger, etc
Word Origin
C14 plit, from Old French pleit fold, plait; probably influenced by Old English pliht peril, plight²


verb (transitive)
to give or pledge (one's word): he plighted his word to attempt it
to promise formally or pledge (allegiance, support, etc): to plight aid
plight one's troth
  1. to make a promise of marriage
  2. to give one's solemn promise
(archaic or dialect) a solemn promise, esp of engagement; pledge
Derived Forms
plighter, noun
Word Origin
Old English pliht peril; related to Old High German, German Pflicht duty
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for plighted



"to pledge" (obsolete except in archaic plight one's troth), from Old English pligtan, plihtan "to endanger, imperil, compromise," verb form of pliht (n.) "danger, risk" (see plight (n.2)). Related: Plighted; plighting.


"condition or state (usually bad)," late 12c., "danger, harm, strife," from Anglo-French plit, pleit, Old French pleit, ploit "condition" (13c.), originally "way of folding," from Vulgar Latin *plictum, from Latin plicitum, neuter past participle of Latin plicare "to fold, lay" (see ply (v.1)).

Originally in neutral sense (as in modern French en bon plit "in good condition"), sense of "harmful state" (and current spelling) probably is from convergence and confusion with plight (n.2) via notion of "entangling risk, pledge or promise with great risk to the pledger."

"pledge," mid-13c., "pledge, promise," usually involving risk or loss in default, from Old English pliht "danger, risk, peril, damage," from Proto-Germanic *pleg- (cf. Old Frisian plicht "danger, concern, care," Middle Dutch, Dutch plicht "obligation, duty," Old High German pfliht, German Pflicht "obligation, duty" (see plight (v.)). Cf. Old English plihtere "look-out man at the prow of a ship," plihtlic "perilous, dangerous."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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