Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

plump2

[pluhmp]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
verb (used without object)
  1. to drop or fall heavily or suddenly; come down abruptly or with direct impact.
  2. Chiefly British. to vote exclusively for one candidate in an election, instead of distributing or splitting one's votes among a number.
Show More
verb (used with object)
  1. to drop or throw heavily or suddenly (often followed by down): He plumped himself down and fell asleep.
  2. to utter or say bluntly (often followed by out): She plumps out the truth at the oddest times.
  3. to praise or extol: road signs plumping the delights of a new candy bar.
Show More
noun
  1. a heavy or sudden fall.
  2. the sound resulting from such a fall.
Show More
adverb
  1. with a heavy or sudden fall or drop.
  2. directly or bluntly, as in speaking.
  3. in a vertical direction; straight down.
  4. with sudden encounter.
  5. with direct impact.
Show More
adjective
  1. direct; downright; blunt.
Show More
Verb Phrases
  1. plump for, to support enthusiastically; be wholeheartedly in favor of: to plump for a team.
Show More

Origin of plump2

1300–50; Middle English plumpen (v.), cognate with Dutch plompen; probably imitative
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for plump for

plump1

adjective
  1. well filled out or rounded; fleshy or chubbya plump turkey
  2. bulging, as with contents; fulla plump wallet
  3. (of amounts of money) generous; amplea plump cheque
Show More
verb
  1. (often foll by up or out) to make or become plumpto plump up a pillow
Show More
Derived Formsplumply, adverbplumpness, noun

Word Origin

C15 (meaning: dull, rude), C16 (in current senses): perhaps from Middle Dutch plomp dull, blunt

plump2

verb
  1. (often foll by down, into, etc) to drop or fall suddenly and heavilyto plump down on the sofa
  2. (intr foll by for) to give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number
Show More
noun
  1. a heavy abrupt fall or the sound of this
Show More
adverb
  1. suddenly or heavilyhe ran plump into the old lady
  2. straight down; directlythe helicopter landed plump in the middle of the field
Show More
adjective, adverb
  1. in a blunt, direct, or decisive manner
Show More

Word Origin

C14: probably of imitative origin; compare Middle Low German plumpen, Middle Dutch plompen

plump3

noun
  1. archaic, or dialect a group of people, animals, or things; troop; cluster
Show More

Word Origin

C15: of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for plump for

plump

adj.

late 15c., "blunt, dull" (in manners), from Dutch plomp "blunt, thick, massive, stumpy," probably related to plompen "fall or drop heavily" (see plump (v.)). Meaning "fleshy, of rounded form" is from 1540s in English. Danish and Swedish plump "rude, coarse, clumsy" are from the Low German word and represent a different sense development.

Show More

plump

v.1

c.1300, "to fall or strike with a full impact," common Low German word, from or related to Middle Dutch and Dutch plompen, East Frisian plumpen, Middle Low German plumpen, probably more or less imitative of something hard striking something soft. Hence plump (n.) "a firm blow," in pugilism usually one to the stomach.

To plump; to strike, or shoot. I'll give you a plump in the bread basket, or the victualling office; I'll give you a blow in the stomach. ["Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit and Pickpocket Eloquence," London, 1811]



Or, even if any of them should suspect me, I know how to bring myself off. It is but pretending to be affronted, stripping directly, challenging him to fight, and before he can be on his guard, hitting him a plump in the bread-basket, that shall make him throw up his accounts; and I'll engage he will have but very little stomach to accuse me after. ["The Reverie: or A Flight to the Paradise of Fools," London, 1763]
Show More

plump

v.2

"to become plump," 1530s, from plump (adj.). Meaning "to plump (something) up, to cause to swell" is from 1530s. Related: Plumped; plumping.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper