poliomyelitis almost did him in, but decided instead to simply paralyze his left arm and leg.
This form is nearly always due to poliomyelitis, but it may also result from accidental division of the tendo Achillis.
Transmission of poliomyelitis by means of the stable-fly (Stomoxys calcitrans).
A very fatal form of poliomyelitis has for a number of years prevailed in Sweden.
The meningococcus and the virus of poliomyelitis pass from the nose into the cranial cavity without local lesions in the former.
Not once were these investigators again able to transmit the infection of poliomyelitis through Stomoxys.
Blattella germanica and/or Blattella vaga Viruses: Unspecified strains of poliomyelitis virus, p. 103.
Some experimental observations on monkeys, concerning the transmission of poliomyelitis through the agency of Stomoxys calcitrans.
The cockroach as a natural extrahuman source of poliomyelitis virus.
Experiments on insect transmission of the virus of poliomyelitis.
1874, also polio-myelitis, coined by German physician Adolph Kussmaul (1822-1902) from Greek polios "grey" (see fallow (adj.)) + myelos "marrow" + -itis "inflammation." So called because the gray matter in the spinal cord is inflamed, which causes paralysis. The earlier name was infantile paralysis (1843).
In many respects, also, this affection resembles the acute spinal paralysis of infancy, which, from the researches of Charcot, Joffroy, and others, have been shown pathologically to be an acute myelitis of the anterior cornua. Hence, for these forms of paralysis, Professor Kussmaul suggests the name of 'poliomyelitis anterior.' ["London Medical Record," Dec. 9, 1874]
poliomyelitis po·li·o·my·e·li·tis (pō'lē-ō-mī'ə-lī'tĭs)
A highly infectious viral disease that chiefly affects children and, in its acute forms, causes inflammation of motor neurons of the spinal cord and brainstem, leading to paralysis, muscular atrophy, and often deformity. Also called infantile paralysis.
A highly communicable infectious disease caused by the poliovirus of the genus Enterovirus that causes inflammation of motor neurons of the spinal cord and brainstem, leading to paralysis, muscular atrophy, and often disability and deformity. Childhood vaccinations are given to prevent infection. Also called polio.
An acute disease, and an infectious disease, caused by a virus, that brings about inflammation of certain nerve cells in the spinal cord. It can have a wide range of effects, from mild to severe, including paralysis, permanent disability, and death. In the United States, the disease has now largely vanished since the development of a vaccine against it. (See Sabin vaccine and Salk vaccine.)
Note: The history of polio, which went from a major public health problem to a minor one in a short time, is often used as an example of the benefits of medical research.
Note: President Franklin D. Roosevelt suffered from poliomyelitis. During his presidency, he could not walk unaided.