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flesh

[flesh]
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noun
  1. the soft substance of a human or other animal body, consisting of muscle and fat.
  2. muscular and fatty tissue.
  3. this substance or tissue in animals, viewed as an article of food, usually excluding fish and sometimes fowl; meat.
  4. fatness; weight.
  5. the body, especially as distinguished from the spirit or soul: The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.
  6. the physical or animal nature of humankind as distinguished from its moral or spiritual nature: the needs of the flesh.
  7. humankind.
  8. living creatures generally.
  9. a person's family or relatives.
  10. Botany. the soft, pulpy portion of a fruit, vegetable, etc., as distinguished from the core, skin, shell, etc.
  11. the surface of the human body; skin: A person with tender flesh should not expose it to direct sunlight.
  12. (no longer in common use; now considered offensive) flesh color.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to plunge (a weapon) into the flesh.
  2. Hunting. to feed (a hound or hawk) with flesh in order to make it more eager for the chase.Compare blood(def 16).
  3. to incite and accustom (persons) to bloodshed or battle by an initial experience.
  4. to inflame the ardor or passions of by a foretaste.
  5. to overlay or cover (a skeleton or skeletal frame) with flesh or with a fleshlike substance.
  6. to give dimension, substance, or reality to (often followed by out): The playwright wrote pretty good characters, but the actors really fleshed them out.
  7. to remove adhering flesh from (hides), in leather manufacture.
  8. Archaic. to satiate with flesh or fleshly enjoyments; surfeit; glut.
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Verb Phrases
  1. flesh out,
    1. to gain weight: He realized to his dismay that he had fleshed out during the months of forced inactivity.
    2. to add details to or make more complete: She fleshed out her proposal considerably before presenting it to the committee for action.
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Idioms
  1. in the flesh, present and alive before one's eyes; in person: The movie star looked quite different in the flesh.
  2. pound of flesh, something that strict justice demands is due, but can only be paid with great loss or suffering to the payer.
  3. press the flesh, Informal. to shake hands, as with voters while campaigning: The senator is busy as ever pressing the flesh on the campaign trail.
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Origin of flesh

before 900; Middle English flesc, Old English flǣsc; cognate with Old Frisian flēsk, Old High German fleisk (German Fleisch), Old Norse flesk bacon
Related formsflesh·less, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for pound of flesh

pound of flesh

noun
  1. something that is one's legal right but is an unreasonable demand (esp in the phrase to have one's pound of flesh)
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Word Origin

from Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice (1596), Act IV, scene i

flesh

noun
  1. the soft part of the body of an animal or human, esp muscular tissue, as distinct from bone and visceraRelated adjective: sarcoid
  2. informal excess weight; fat
  3. archaic the edible tissue of animals as opposed to that of fish or, sometimes, fowl; meat
  4. the thick usually soft part of a fruit or vegetable, as distinct from the skin, core, stone, etc
  5. the human body and its physical or sensual nature as opposed to the soul or spiritRelated adjective: carnal
  6. mankind in general
  7. animate creatures in general
  8. one's own family; kin (esp in the phrase one's own flesh and blood)
  9. a yellowish-pink to greyish-yellow colour
  10. Christian Science belief on the physical plane which is considered erroneous, esp the belief that matter has sensation
  11. (modifier) tanning of or relating to the inner or under layer of a skin or hidea flesh split
  12. in the flesh in person; actually present
  13. make one's flesh creep (esp of something ghostly) to frighten and horrify one
  14. press the flesh informal to shake hands, usually with large numbers of people, esp in political campaigning
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verb
  1. (tr) hunting to stimulate the hunting instinct of (hounds or falcons) by giving them small quantities of raw flesh
  2. to wound the flesh of with a weapon
  3. archaic, or poetic to accustom or incite to bloodshed or battle by initial experience
  4. tanning to remove the flesh layer of (a hide or skin)
  5. to fatten; fill out
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Word Origin

Old English flǣsc; related to Old Norse flesk ham, Old High German fleisk meat, flesh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for pound of flesh

flesh

v.

1520s, "to render (a hunting animal) eager for prey by rewarding it with flesh from a kill," with figurative extensions, from flesh (n.). Meaning "to clothe or embody with flesh," with figurative extensions, is from 1660s. Related: Fleshed; fleshing.

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flesh

n.

Old English flæsc "flesh, meat," also "near kindred" (a sense now obsolete except in phrase flesh and blood), common West and North Germanic (cf. Old Frisian flesk, Middle Low German vlees, German Fleisch "flesh," Old Norse flesk "pork, bacon"), of uncertain origin, perhaps from Proto-Germanic *flaiskoz-.

Figurative use for "animal or physical nature of man" (Old English) is from the Bible, especially Paul's use of Greek sarx, which yielded sense of "sensual appetites" (c.1200). Flesh-wound is from 1670s; flesh-color, the hue of "Caucasian" skin, is first recorded 1610s, described as a tint composed of "a light pink with a little yellow" [O'Neill, "Dyeing," 1862]. An Old English poetry-word for "body" was flæsc-hama, literally "flesh-home."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

pound of flesh in Medicine

flesh

(flĕsh)
n.
  1. The soft tissue of the body of a vertebrate, covering the bones and consisting mainly of skeletal muscle and fat.
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Related formsfleshy adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

pound of flesh in Culture

pound of flesh

A phrase from the play The Merchant of Venice, by William Shakespeare. The moneylender Shylock demands the flesh of the “merchant of Venice,” Antonio, under a provision in their contract. Shylock never gets the pound of flesh, however, because the character Portia discovers a point of law that overrides the contract: Shylock is forbidden to shed any blood in getting the flesh from Antonio's body.

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Note

People who cruelly or unreasonably insist on their rights are said to be demanding their “pound of flesh.”

pound of flesh

Creditors who insist on having their “pound of flesh” are those who cruelly demand the repayment of a debt, no matter how much suffering it will cost the debtor: “The bank will have its pound of flesh; it is going to foreclose on our mortgage and force us to sell our home.” The expression is from The Merchant of Venice, by William Shakespeare.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with pound of flesh

pound of flesh

A debt whose payment is harshly insisted on, as in The other members of the cartel all want their pound of flesh from Brazil. This expression alludes to the scene in Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice (4:1) where the moneylender Shylock demands the pound of flesh promised him in payment for a loan, and Portia responds that he may have it but without an ounce of blood (since blood was not promised). [c. 1600]

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flesh

In addition to the idioms beginning with flesh

also see:

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.