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prejudice

[prej-uh-dis]
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noun
  1. an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.
  2. any preconceived opinion or feeling, either favorable or unfavorable.
  3. unreasonable feelings, opinions, or attitudes, especially of a hostile nature, regarding an ethnic, racial, social, or religious group.
  4. such attitudes considered collectively: The war against prejudice is never-ending.
  5. damage or injury; detriment: a law that operated to the prejudice of the majority.
verb (used with object), prej·u·diced, prej·u·dic·ing.
  1. to affect with a prejudice, either favorable or unfavorable: His honesty and sincerity prejudiced us in his favor.
Idioms
  1. without prejudice, Law. without dismissing, damaging, or otherwise affecting a legal interest or demand.

Origin of prejudice

1250–1300; Middle English < Old French < Latin praejūdicium prejudgment, orig. preliminary or previous judicial inquiry, equivalent to prae- pre- + jūdicium legal proceedings, judging (jūdic-, stem of jūdex judge + -ium -ium)
Related formsprej·u·diced·ly, adverbprej·u·dice·less, adjectivenon·prej·u·diced, adjectivequa·si-prej·u·diced, adjective
Can be confusedprejudiced prejudicial

Synonyms

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2. preconception, partiality, predilection, predisposition. 6. bias, influence.

Synonym study

2. See bias.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for prejudicing

Historical Examples

  • She was trying to do this calmly; she was trying to keep sentiment from prejudicing her.

    'Firebrand' Trevison

    Charles Alden Seltzer

  • Let no one suspect us capable of prejudicing the rights of any man.

  • Further, it was regarded as prejudicing the cause of political reform.

  • This, so far from prejudicing her with her captors, gained her their favor.

    The History of Peru

    Henry S. Beebe

  • You were so sorry to leave London, that I would not praise Yrndale for fear of prejudicing you against it.

    Weighed and Wanting

    George MacDonald


British Dictionary definitions for prejudicing

prejudice

noun
  1. an opinion formed beforehand, esp an unfavourable one based on inadequate facts
  2. the act or condition of holding such opinions
  3. intolerance of or dislike for people of a specific race, religion, etc
  4. disadvantage or injury resulting from prejudice
  5. to the prejudice of to the detriment of
  6. without prejudice law without dismissing or detracting from an existing right or claim
verb (tr)
  1. to cause to be prejudiced
  2. to disadvantage or injure by prejudice

Word Origin

C13: from Old French préjudice, from Latin praejūdicium a preceding judgment, disadvantage, from prae before + jūdicium trial, sentence, from jūdex a judge
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for prejudicing

prejudice

n.

c.1300, "despite, contempt," from Old French prejudice "prejudice, damage" (13c.), from Medieval Latin prejudicium "injustice," from Latin praeiudicium "prior judgment," from prae- "before" (see pre-) + iudicium "judgment," from iudex (genitive iudicis) "a judge" (see judge (v.)). Meaning "injury, physical harm" is mid-14c., as is legal sense "detriment or damage caused by the violation of a legal right." Meaning "preconceived opinion" (especially but not necessarily unfavorable) is from late 14c. in English.

prejudice

v.

mid-15c., "to injure or be detrimental to," from prejudice (n.). The meaning "to affect or fill with prejudice" is from c.1600. Related: Prejudiced; prejudicing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

prejudicing in Culture

prejudice

A hostile opinion about some person or class of persons. Prejudice is socially learned and is usually grounded in misconception, misunderstanding, and inflexible generalizations. In particular, African-Americans have been victims of prejudice on a variety of social, economic, and political levels. (See civil rights movement and segregation.)

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.