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prejudice

[prej-uh-dis] /ˈprɛdʒ ə dɪs/
noun
1.
an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.
2.
any preconceived opinion or feeling, either favorable or unfavorable.
3.
unreasonable feelings, opinions, or attitudes, especially of a hostile nature, regarding an ethnic, racial, social, or religious group.
4.
such attitudes considered collectively:
The war against prejudice is never-ending.
5.
damage or injury; detriment:
a law that operated to the prejudice of the majority.
verb (used with object), prejudiced, prejudicing.
6.
to affect with a prejudice, either favorable or unfavorable:
His honesty and sincerity prejudiced us in his favor.
Idioms
7.
without prejudice, Law. without dismissing, damaging, or otherwise affecting a legal interest or demand.
Origin of prejudice
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Old French < Latin praejūdicium prejudgment, orig. preliminary or previous judicial inquiry, equivalent to prae- pre- + jūdicium legal proceedings, judging (jūdic-, stem of jūdex judge + -ium -ium)
Related forms
prejudicedly, adverb
prejudiceless, adjective
nonprejudiced, adjective
quasi-prejudiced, adjective
Can be confused
prejudiced, prejudicial.
Synonyms
2. preconception, partiality, predilection, predisposition. See bias. 6. bias, influence.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for prejudicing
Historical Examples
  • Welton did not dare go ahead with the water for fear of prejudicing his own case.

    The Rules of the Game Stewart Edward White
  • She was trying to do this calmly; she was trying to keep sentiment from prejudicing her.

    'Firebrand' Trevison Charles Alden Seltzer
  • That disagreeable autocrat has succeeded in prejudicing our neighbours against us, and it hurts you.

    The Lady of the Basement Flat Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey
  • This, so far from prejudicing her with her captors, gained her their favor.

    The History of Peru Henry S. Beebe
  • But, for fear of prejudicing the jury, the ghost was kept out of the trial, exactly as in the following case.

  • He thought by prejudicing him in that direction he would surround their action with another friend.

    The Crime of the Century Henry M. Hunt
  • You were so sorry to leave London, that I would not praise Yrndale for fear of prejudicing you against it.

    Weighed and Wanting George MacDonald
  • Perhaps the publicity so produced had some effect in prejudicing Ruby against the man whose offer she had certainly once accepted.

    The Way We Live Now Anthony Trollope
  • Let no one suspect us capable of prejudicing the rights of any man.

  • A subordinate cause may have had its effect, and unjustly, in prejudicing the public mind against Mr. Adams and Mr. Clay.

British Dictionary definitions for prejudicing

prejudice

/ˈprɛdʒʊdɪs/
noun
1.
an opinion formed beforehand, esp an unfavourable one based on inadequate facts
2.
the act or condition of holding such opinions
3.
intolerance of or dislike for people of a specific race, religion, etc
4.
disadvantage or injury resulting from prejudice
5.
to the prejudice of, to the detriment of
6.
(law) without prejudice, without dismissing or detracting from an existing right or claim
verb (transitive)
7.
to cause to be prejudiced
8.
to disadvantage or injure by prejudice
Word Origin
C13: from Old French préjudice, from Latin praejūdicium a preceding judgment, disadvantage, from prae before + jūdicium trial, sentence, from jūdex a judge
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prejudicing

prejudice

n.

c.1300, "despite, contempt," from Old French prejudice "prejudice, damage" (13c.), from Medieval Latin prejudicium "injustice," from Latin praeiudicium "prior judgment," from prae- "before" (see pre-) + iudicium "judgment," from iudex (genitive iudicis) "a judge" (see judge (v.)). Meaning "injury, physical harm" is mid-14c., as is legal sense "detriment or damage caused by the violation of a legal right." Meaning "preconceived opinion" (especially but not necessarily unfavorable) is from late 14c. in English.

v.

mid-15c., "to injure or be detrimental to," from prejudice (n.). The meaning "to affect or fill with prejudice" is from c.1600. Related: Prejudiced; prejudicing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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prejudicing in Culture

prejudice definition


A hostile opinion about some person or class of persons. Prejudice is socially learned and is usually grounded in misconception, misunderstanding, and inflexible generalizations. In particular, African-Americans have been victims of prejudice on a variety of social, economic, and political levels. (See civil rights movement and segregation.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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