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profligate

[prof-li-git, -geyt]
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adjective
  1. utterly and shamelessly immoral or dissipated; thoroughly dissolute.
  2. recklessly prodigal or extravagant.
noun
  1. a profligate person.

Origin of profligate

1525–35; < Latin prōflīgātus broken down in character, degraded, orig. past participle of prōflīgāre to shatter, debase, equivalent to prō- pro-1 + -flīgāre, derivative of flīgere to strike; see inflict, -ate1
Related formsprof·li·gate·ly, adverbprof·li·gate·ness, noun

Synonyms

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1. abandoned, licentious.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for profligate

profligate

adjective
  1. shamelessly immoral or debauched
  2. wildly extravagant or wasteful
noun
  1. a profligate person
Derived Formsprofligacy (ˈprɒflɪɡəsɪ), nounprofligately, adverb

Word Origin

C16: from Latin prōflīgātus corrupt, from prōflīgāre to overthrow, from pro- 1 + flīgere to beat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for profligate

adj.

1520s, "overthrown, routed" (now obsolete in this sense), from Latin profligatus "destroyed, ruined, corrupt, abandoned, dissolute," past participle of profligare "to cast down, defeat, ruin," from pro- "down, forth" (see pro-) + fligere "to strike" (see afflict). Main modern meaning "recklessly extravagant" is 1779, via notion of "ruined by vice" (1640s, implied in a use of profligation). Related: Profligately. As a noun from 1709.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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