The pronotum extends back to the wing-bases, and the “waist” is greatly constricted and marked by one or two “nodes.”
The pronotum and elytra are often adorned with bright colours or metallic lustre, and marked with stripes or spots.
Posterior lateral margins: in Orthoptera, extend from base of pronotum downward to the posterior angle of sides.
The downwardly directed head is covered by the pronotum, and the three terminal antennal segments form a distinct club.
Sub-cristate: with a moderately elevated ridge or keel on pronotum, in Orthoptera.
Pronotal carina: in Orthoptera, the main or median carina on pronotum.
The light proceeds from a pair of conspicuous smooth ovoid spots on the pronotum and from an area beneath the base of the abdomen.
Body smooth, margin of the pronotum sinuous, scarcely constricted; anterior lobe lined with little tubercles.
Transverse sulci: the transverse grooves of pronotum in many Orthoptera.
Caudal lobe of the pronotum six sided, neither elevated nor produced caudad.