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prop1

[prop] /prɒp/
verb (used with object), propped, propping.
1.
to support, or prevent from falling, with or as if with a prop (often followed by up):
to prop an old fence; to prop up an unpopular government.
2.
to rest (a thing) against a support:
He propped his cane against the wall.
3.
to support or sustain (often followed by up).
noun
4.
a stick, rod, pole, beam, or other rigid support.
5.
a person or thing serving as a support or stay:
His father is his financial prop.
Origin of prop1
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English proppe (noun); cognate with Middle Dutch proppe bottle stopper
Related forms
unpropped, adjective
Synonyms
1. brace, buttress, bolster.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for propped
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • When she was not at home, it sat on K.'s dresser, propped against his collar-box.

    K Mary Roberts Rinehart
  • His head dropped back on his chair; he propped his sagging legs on a stool.

    K Mary Roberts Rinehart
  • And when she had propped you up against the bank, she came for me.

    Green Mansions W. H. Hudson
  • He propped himself against a wall and reproved his tormentors in Latin.

    The Gentleman From Indiana Booth Tarkington
  • Helen sat up and propped her chin in her hands with her elbows on her knees.

    The Law-Breakers Ridgwell Cullum
British Dictionary definitions for propped

prop1

/prɒp/
verb props, propping, propped when tr, often foll by up
1.
(transitive) to support with a rigid object, such as a stick
2.
(transitive) usually also foll by against. to place or lean
3.
(transitive) to sustain or support
4.
(intransitive) (Austral & NZ) to stop suddenly or unexpectedly
noun
5.
something that gives rigid support, such as a stick
6.
a person or thing giving support, as of a moral or spiritual nature
7.
(rugby) either of the forwards at either end of the front row of a scrum
Word Origin
C15: related to Middle Dutch proppe vine prop; compare Old High German pfropfo shoot, German Pfropfen stopper

prop2

/prɒp/
noun
1.
short for property (sense 8)

prop3

/prɒp/
noun
1.
an informal word for propeller
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for propped

prop

n.1

"support," mid-15c., from Middle Dutch proppe "vine prop, support," of unknown origin. Probably related to Old High German pfropfo, German pfropfen "to prop," perhaps from Latin propago "a set, layer of a plant" (see propagation). Irish propa, Gaelic prop are from English.

prop

n.2

"object used in a play," 1898, from props (1841), shortened form of properties (which was in theatrical use from early 15c.). Props as slang shortening for proper respects (or something similar) appeared c.1999.

prop

v.

"to support," mid-15c., probably from prop (n.1) or a related verb in Dutch. Related: Propped; propping.

prop

n.3

short for propeller, 1914.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for propped

prop

noun

An article used on stage or in a film; property (1841+ Theater)

prop

noun

A propeller (1914+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with propped
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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14
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