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prosthesis

[pros-thee-sis for 1; pros-thuh-sis for 2] /prɒsˈθi sɪs for 1; ˈprɒs θə sɪs for 2/
noun, plural prostheses
[pros-thee-seez for 1;pros-thuh-seez for 2] /prɒsˈθi siz for 1;ˈprɒs θəˌsiz for 2/ (Show IPA)
1.
a device, either external or implanted, that substitutes for or supplements a missing or defective part of the body.
2.
Grammar, Prosody. the addition of one or more sounds or syllables to a word or line of verse, especially at the beginning.
Origin of prosthesis
1545-1555
1545-55; < Late Latin < Greek prósthesis a putting to, addition, equivalent to prós to + thésis a placing; see thesis
Related forms
prosthetic
[pros-thet-ik] /prɒsˈθɛt ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
prosthetically, adverb

prosthetic

[pros-thet-ik] /prɒsˈθɛt ɪk/
adjective
1.
of or relating to an artificial body part or prosthesis:
He was fitted for a prosthetic arm.
2.
of or relating to the fields of surgical or dental prosthetics:
advances in prosthetic technology.
3.
of or relating to a substance, item, or process used to transform a person’s appearance temporarily, especially as a theatrical special effect:
The final scene required painstaking application of prosthetic hair and skin.
noun
4.
an artificial body part; a prosthesis:
Hundreds of amputees volunteered to test the new prosthetics.
5.
an appearance-altering substance or item applied temporarily to a person’s face or body, especially to create a theatrical special effect:
Alien creatures are brought to life with realistic prosthetics.
Origin
1735-40; < Modern Latin prostheticus, from Hellenistic Greek prosthetikós, equivalent to prósthet(os) “added on,” verbid of prostithе́nai “to add, put onto” (pros- pros-. + the-, stem of tithе́nai “to put, place” + -tos verbid suffix) + -ikos -ic
Related forms
prosthetically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for prosthetically

prosthesis

/ˈprɒsθɪsɪs; prɒsˈθiːsɪs/
noun (pl) -ses (-ˌsiːz)
1.
(surgery)
  1. the replacement of a missing bodily part with an artificial substitute
  2. an artificial part such as a limb, eye, or tooth
2.
(linguistics) another word for prothesis
Derived Forms
prosthetic (prɒsˈθɛtɪk) adjective
prosthetically, adverb
Word Origin
C16: via Late Latin from Greek: an addition, from prostithenai to add, from pros- towards + tithenai to place
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for prosthetically

prosthesis

n.

1550s, "addition of a letter or syllable to a word," from Late Latin, from Greek prosthesis "addition," from prostithenai "add to," from pros "to" + tithenai "to put, place" (see theme). Meaning "artificial body part" is first recorded c.1900, from earlier use to describe the medical art of making artificial limbs (1706), on notion of "that which is added to" the injured body.

prosthetic

adj.

1837 in grammar; 1902 in the surgical sense, from Latinized form of Greek prosthetikos "disposed to add," from prosthetas "added," verbal adjective of prostithenai "to put to, add to" (see prosthesis). Related: Prosthetically.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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prosthetically in Medicine

prosthesis pros·the·sis (prŏs-thē'sĭs)
n. pl. pros·the·ses (-sēz)

  1. An artificial device used to replace a missing body part, such as a limb or a heart valve.

  2. Replacement of a missing body part with such a device.

prosthetic pros·thet·ic (prŏs-thět'ĭk)
adj.

  1. Serving as or relating to a prosthesis.

  2. Of or relating to prosthetics.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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prosthetically in Science
prosthesis
  (prŏs-thē'sĭs)   
Plural prostheses (prŏs-thē'sēz)
An artificial device used to replace a missing or defective body part, such as a limb or a heart valve.

prosthetic adjective (prŏs-thět'ĭk)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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