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[proh-vuh n-sahl, prov-uh n-; French praw-vahn-sal] /ˌproʊ vənˈsɑl, ˌprɒv ən-; French prɔ vɑ̃ˈsal/
of or relating to Provence, its people, or their language.
a native or inhabitant of Provence.
Also called Occitan. a Romance language once widely spoken in southern France, still in use in some rural areas.
Abbreviation: Pr, Pr., Prov.
Compare langue d'oc.
the dialect of Provençal used in Provence.
Origin of Provençal
1580-90; < Middle French < Latin prōvinciālis provincial. See Provence, -al1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for provencal
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Clemence joked that with a provencal like him you could never wash out the oil stains.

    L'Assommoir Emile Zola
  • All were amiable and highly polished, like all the provencal nobility.

    The Memoires of Casanova, Complete Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
  • She became abstracted and uneasy; jealousy of the provencal possessed her.

    Lucretia, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • For days has the pale provencal been closeted with lawyers; but there is no hope in litigation.

    Lucretia, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • Then I have a provencal book on hand, and (interlusive) a provencal romance.

    William Sharp (Fiona Macleod) Elizabeth A. Sharp
  • "Not as capable as you, but I have my merits," said the provencal, smiling.

    The Lesser Bourgeoisie Honore de Balzac
  • The provencal had not been spoilt by an experience of "bonnes fortunes."

    The Lesser Bourgeoisie Honore de Balzac
  • The provencal was twenty-two years old:—he loaded his carbine.

    A Passion in the Desert Honore de Balzac
  • To-day its lanes are as tortuous as those of any other provencal town.

    Ancient Town-Planning F. Haverfield
British Dictionary definitions for provencal


/ˌprɒvɒnˈsɑːl; French prɔvɑ̃sal/
relating to, denoting, or characteristic of Provence, its inhabitants, their dialect of French, or their Romance language
a language of Provence, closely related to Catalan, French, and Italian, belonging to the Romance group of the Indo-European family. It was important in the Middle Ages as a literary language, and attempts have been made since the 19th century to revive its literary status See also langue d'oc
a native or inhabitant of Provence
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for provencal



1580s, from French Provençal, from Provence (see Provence). As a name of a language from 1640s. In reference to a style of cooking, attested from 1841.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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