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proventriculus

[proh-ven-trik-yuh-luh s] /ˌproʊ vɛnˈtrɪk yə ləs/
noun, plural proventriculi
[proh-ven-trik-yuh-lahy] /ˌproʊ vɛnˈtrɪk yəˌlaɪ/ (Show IPA)
1.
the glandular portion of the stomach of birds, in which food is partially digested before passing to the ventriculus or gizzard.
2.
a similar enlargement in the alimentary tract of several invertebrates, variously modified for maceration and digestion.
Origin of proventriculus
1825-1835
First recorded in 1825-35; pro-1 + ventriculus
Related forms
proventricular, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for proventriculus

proventriculus

/ˌprəʊvɛnˈtrɪkjʊləs/
noun (pl) -triculi (-ˈtrɪkjʊˌlaɪ)
1.
the first part of the stomach of birds, the gizzard
2.
the thick muscular stomach of crustaceans and insects; gizzard
Derived Forms
proventricular, adjective
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin, from Latin pro-1 + ventriculus little belly, from venter belly
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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