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provocateur

[pruh-vok-uh-tur, -too r; French praw-vaw-ka-tœr] /prəˌvɒk əˈtɜr, -ˈtʊər; French prɔ vɔ kaˈtœr/
noun, plural provocateurs
[pruh-vok-uh-turz, -too rz; French praw-vaw-ka-tœr] /prəˌvɒk əˈtɜrz, -ˈtʊərz; French prɔ vɔ kaˈtœr/ (Show IPA)
1.
a person who provokes trouble, causes dissension, or the like; agitator.
2.
(italics) French. agent provocateur.
Origin of provocateur
1915-1920
1915-20; < French < Latin prōvocātor challenger, appellant, equivalent to provocā(re) to provoke + -tor -tor
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for provocateur

provocateur

/prəˌvɒkəˈtɜː/
noun
1.
a person who deliberately behaves controversially in order to provoke argument or other strong reactions
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for provocateur
n.

1915 (Emma Goldman), shortened form of agent provocateur "person hired to make trouble" (1845), from French provocateur, from Latin provocator "challenger," from provocare "to call out" (see provoke).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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