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psychoanalysis

[sahy-koh-uh-nal-uh-sis]
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noun
  1. a systematic structure of theories concerning the relation of conscious and unconscious psychological processes.
  2. a technical procedure for investigating unconscious mental processes and for treating psychoneuroses.

Origin of psychoanalysis

From the German word Psychoanalyse, dating back to 1905–10. See psycho-, analysis
Related formspsy·cho·an·a·lyt·ic [sahy-koh-an-l-it-ik] /ˌsaɪ koʊˌæn lˈɪt ɪk/, psy·cho·an·a·lyt·i·cal, adjectivepsy·cho·an·a·lyt·i·cal·ly, adverbnon·psy·cho·an·a·lyt·ic, adjectivenon·psy·cho·an·a·lyt·i·cal, adjectivenon·psy·cho·an·a·lyt·i·cal·ly, adverbpost·psy·cho·an·a·lyt·ic, adjective
Can be confusedpsychiatry psychology psychoanalysis psychotherapy
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for psychoanalysis

psychoanalysis

noun
  1. a method of studying the mind and treating mental and emotional disorders based on revealing and investigating the role of the unconscious mind
Derived Formspsychoanalyst (ˌsaɪkəʊˈænəlɪst), nounpsychoanalytic (ˌsaɪkəʊˌænəˈlɪtɪk) or psychoanalytical, adjectivepsychoanalytically, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for psychoanalysis

n.

1906, from Psychoanalyse, coined 1896 in French by Freud from Latinized form of Greek psykhe- "mental" (see psyche) + German Analyse, from Greek analysis (see analysis). Freud earlier used psychische analyse (1894).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

psychoanalysis in Medicine

psychoanalysis

(sī′kō-ə-nălĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. psy•cho•a•nal•y•ses (-sēz′)
  1. The method of psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Freud in which free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of resistance and transference are used to explore repressed or unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts.psychoanalytic therapy
  2. The theory of personality developed by Freud that focuses on repression and unconscious forces and includes the concepts of infantile sexuality, resistance, transference, and division of the psyche into the id, ego, and superego.
  3. Psychotherapy incorporating this method and theory.
Related formspsy′cho•an′a•lytic (-ăn′ə-lĭtĭk) null adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

psychoanalysis in Culture

psychoanalysis

A method of treating mental illness, originating with Sigmund Freud, in which a psychiatrist (analyst) helps a patient discover and confront the causes of the illness. Many psychiatrists believe that these causes are buried deep in the unconscious of the patient and can be brought to the surface through such techniques as hypnosis and the analysis of dreams. Psychoanalysis emphasizes that mental illness usually originates in repressed sexual desires or traumas in childhood.

Note

Psychoanalysis is sometimes simply called analysis.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.