- Claudius Ptolemaeus, flourished a.d. 127–151, Hellenistic mathematician, astronomer, and geographer in Alexandria.
- any of the kings of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt 323–30 b.c.
Examples from the Web for ptolemies
And indeed since her death in 30 B.C., nearly everything has conspired against Cleopatra VII, the last of the Ptolemies.Cleopatra's Comeback
June 3, 2010
Golenischeff believes this temple to have been erected by the Ptolemies.
Artaxerxes married two of his daughters.1688 The Ptolemies adopted this practice.Folkways
William Graham Sumner
But here the bright pages in the history of the Ptolemies end.
During the next century Palestine was subject to the Ptolemies.Biblical Geography and History
Charles Foster Kent
It was no more killed by the Roman conquest than it was by that of the Ptolemies.A history of art in ancient Egypt, Vol. I (of 2)
- Latin name Claudius Ptolemaeus. 2nd century ad, Greek astronomer, mathematician, and geographer. His Geography was the standard geographical textbook until the discoveries of the 15th century. His system of astronomy (see Ptolemaic system), as expounded in the Almagest, remained undisputed until the Copernican system was evolved
Word Origin and History for ptolemies
ancient masc. proper name, from Greek Ptolemaios, literally "warlike," from ptolemos, collateral form of polemos "war." Cf. Ptolemaic.
- Greek astronomer and mathematician who based his astronomy on the belief that all heavenly bodies revolved around Earth. Ptolemy's model of the solar system endured until the 16th century when Nicolaus Copernicus proposed that the heavenly bodies in the solar system orbited the Sun.
An ancient Greek astronomer, living in Egypt (see also Egypt), who proposed a way of calculating the movements of the planets on the assumption that they, along with the sun and the stars, were embedded in clear spheres that revolved around the Earth. The system of Ptolemy, called the Ptolemaic universe, prevailed in astronomy for nearly fifteen hundred years, until the modern model of the solar system, with the sun at the center and the planets in motion, was developed from the ideas of Copernicus.