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[pyoo-er-peer-ee-uh m] /ˌpyu ərˈpɪər i əm/
noun, Obstetrics.
the four-week period following childbirth.
Origin of puerperium
1885-90; < Latin: childbirth, childbed, equivalent to puerper(us) of a woman in labor (puer boy, child + -perus bringing forth, akin to parere to bear, breed) + -ium -ium Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for puerperium


the period following childbirth, lasting approximately six weeks, during which the uterus returns to its normal size and shape
Word Origin
C17: from Latin: childbirth, from puerperus relating to a woman in labour, from puer boy + parere to bear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for puerperium

"confinement during and after childbirth," 1863, from Latin puerperus (see puerperal).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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puerperium in Medicine

puerperium pu·er·pe·ri·um (pyōō'ər-pēr'ē-əm)
n. pl. pu·er·pe·ri·a (-pēr'ē-ə)

  1. The state of a woman during childbirth or immediately thereafter.

  2. The approximate six-week period lasting from childbirth to the return of normal uterine size.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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