- a large cask of varying capacity, but usually 80 gallons (304 liters).
- the volume of such a cask, used as a measure.
Origin of puncheon1
- a heavy slab of timber, roughly dressed, for use as a floorboard.
- a short, upright framing timber.
- (in goldsmith work)
- any of various pointed instruments; a punch.
- a stamping tool.
Origin of puncheon2
Examples from the Web for puncheon
This was called rolling-up a house, and the house was called a puncheon and bark house.Home Life in Colonial Days
Alice Morse Earle
It was covered with clapboards and furnished with puncheon seats.The Kentucky Ranger
Edward T. Curnick
This projected about a foot, and a puncheon roof was put over that.The Young Alaskans on the Missouri
Fig. 277 shows a fireplace with a puncheon support for a plank mantel.
C is the puncheon supporting the mantel and D is the mantel.
- a large cask of variable capacity, usually between 70 and 120 gallons
- the volume of such a cask used as a liquid measure
- a short wooden post that is used as a vertical strut
- a less common name for punch 2 (def. 1)
Word Origin and History for puncheon
"barrel or cask for soap or liquor; iron vessel," c.1400, from Old French ponchon, ponson "wine vessel" (13c.), of unknown origin. Uncertain connection with puncheon "slab of timber, strut, wooden beam used as a support in building" (mid-14c.). Punch (n.2) in the drink sense is too late to be the source of the "cask" sense.
"pointed tool for punching or piercing" used by masons, also "die for coining or seal-making," mid-14c.; see punch (n.1). Meaning "stamp, die" is from c.1500, a specialized use.