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radial motion

noun, Astronomy.
the component of the motion of a star away from or toward the earth along its line of sight, expressed in miles or kilometers per second and determined by the shift in the wavelength of light emitted by the star.
Also called radial velocity. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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British Dictionary definitions for radial velocity

radial velocity

the component of the velocity of an object, esp a celestial body, directed along a line from the observer to the object
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Contemporary definitions for radial velocity

the speed an object moves toward or away from an observer, specif. that of a star or other celestial body along the line of sight of an observer's 21st Century Lexicon
Copyright © 2003-2014, LLC
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