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realize

[ree-uh-lahyz] /ˈri əˌlaɪz/
verb (used with object), realized, realizing.
1.
to grasp or understand clearly.
2.
to make real; give reality to (a hope, fear, plan, etc.).
3.
to bring vividly to the mind.
4.
to convert into cash or money:
to realize securities.
5.
to obtain as a profit or income for oneself by trade, labor, or investment.
6.
to bring as proceeds, as from a sale:
The goods realized $1000.
7.
Music. to sight-read on a keyboard instrument or write out in notation the full harmony and ornamentation indicated by (a figured bass).
8.
Linguistics. to serve as an instance, representation, or embodiment of (an abstract linguistic element or category): In “Jack tripped,” the subject is realized by “Jack,” the predicate by “tripped,” and the past tense by “-ed.”.
verb (used without object), realized, realizing.
9.
to convert property or goods into cash or money.
Also, especially British, realise.
Origin of realize
1605-1615
1605-15; < French réaliser, Middle French, equivalent to real real1 + -iser -ize
Related forms
realizable, adjective
realizability, realizableness, noun
realizably, adverb
realizer, noun
hyperrealize, verb (used with object), hyperrealized, hyperrealizing.
nonrealizable, adjective
nonrealizing, adjective
prerealize, verb (used with object), prerealized, prerealizing.
underrealize, verb (used with object), underrealized, underrealizing.
unrealize, verb (used with object), unrealized, unrealizing.
Synonyms
1. conceive, comprehend. 2. accomplish, effect. 3. See imagine.
Antonyms
1. misunderstand.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for realising
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It is only by realising what I am that I have found comfort of any kind.

    De Profundis Oscar Wilde
  • He was silent a moment, realising with a wonder beyond words how different it was.

  • My great desire was to have a house that should be entirely my own, and I was then realising it.

    My Double Life Sarah Bernhardt
  • But realising the futility of such a course, I held my peace and waited agonisedly.

    The Shame of Motley Raphael Sabatini
  • What He bore for us, shall we shrink from so much as realising?

    Holbein Beatrice Fortescue
  • Cassy, realising that it must be then or never, looked up at him.

    The Paliser case Edgar Saltus
  • Then, realising what Lennox had done, his iniquity struck her as hateful.

    The Paliser case Edgar Saltus
  • He looked at her helplessly, realising that she was making fun of him, and she laughed.

    Gilian The Dreamer Neil Munro
  • Then she sprang to her feet, realising that he was gone and it was too late to recall him.

    Mary Gray Katharine Tynan
British Dictionary definitions for realising

realize

/ˈrɪəˌlaɪz/
verb
1.
(when transitive, may take a clause as object) to become conscious or aware of (something)
2.
(transitive, often passive) to bring (a plan, ambition, etc) to fruition; make actual or concrete
3.
(transitive) to give (something, such as a drama or film) the appearance of reality
4.
(transitive) (of goods, property, etc) to sell for or make (a certain sum): this table realized £800
5.
(transitive) to convert (property or goods) into cash
6.
(transitive) (of a musicologist or performer)
  1. to expand or complete (a thorough-bass part in a piece of baroque music) by supplying the harmonies indicated in the figured bass
  2. to reconstruct (a composition) from an incomplete set of parts
7.
to sound or utter (a phoneme or other speech sound) in actual speech; articulate
Derived Forms
realizable, realisable, adjective
realizably, realisably, adverb
realization, realisation, noun
realizer, realiser, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for realising

realize

v.

1610s, "bring into existence," from French réaliser "make real" (16c.), from Middle French real "actual" (see real (adj.)). Sense of "understand clearly, make real in the mind" is first recorded 1775. Sense of "obtain, amass" is from 1753. Related: Realized; realizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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