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2017 Word of the Year

recapitulate

[ree-kuh-pich-uh-leyt] /ˌri kəˈpɪtʃ əˌleɪt/
verb (used with object), recapitulated, recapitulating.
1.
to review by a brief summary, as at the end of a speech or discussion; summarize.
2.
Biology. (of an organism) to repeat (ancestral evolutionary stages) in its development.
3.
Music. to restate (the exposition) in a sonata-form movement.
verb (used without object), recapitulated, recapitulating.
4.
to sum up statements or matters.
Origin of recapitulate
1560-1570
1560-70; < Late Latin recapitulātus (past participle of recapitulāre), equivalent to re- re- + capitulātus; see capitulate
Can be confused
capitulate, recapitulate.
Synonyms
1. See repeat.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for recapitulate
Historical Examples
  • He shook his head and mournfully began to recapitulate the day he had just spent.

    Fruitfulness Emile Zola
  • Like Socrates, we may recapitulate the virtues of the philosopher.

    The Republic Plato
  • And here let me recapitulate—for there is no harm in repetition.

    Phaedo Plato
  • So that there may be no misunderstandings, I will recapitulate.

    Captain Blood Rafael Sabatini
  • He was impelled to recapitulate his injunctions; but he forbore.

    The Lion's Skin Rafael Sabatini
  • He had left out the feminine element; obviously he must recapitulate.

    Wayside Courtships Hamlin Garland
  • Let us recapitulate the strange metamorphoses which I have sketched.

  • Let us now recapitulate the more prominent facts of this essay.

  • Is it necessary to recapitulate all this, Monsieur Chauvelin?

    The Elusive Pimpernel Baroness Emmuska Orczy
  • "Let us recapitulate," said the captain, his glance beaming with earnestness.

    The Man in the Iron Mask Alexandre Dumas, Pere
British Dictionary definitions for recapitulate

recapitulate

/ˌriːkəˈpɪtjʊˌleɪt/
verb
1.
to restate the main points of (an argument, speech, etc); summarize
2.
(transitive) (of an animal) to repeat (stages of its evolutionary development) during the embryonic stages of its life
3.
to repeat at some point during a piece of music (material used earlier in the same work)
Derived Forms
recapitulative, recapitulatory, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Late Latin recapitulāre, literally: to put back under headings; see capitulate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for recapitulate
v.

1560s, back-formation from recapitulation and also from Late Latin recapitulatus, past participle of recapitulare. Related: Recapitulated; recapitulating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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