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reciprocate

[ri-sip-ruh-keyt]
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verb (used with object), re·cip·ro·cat·ed, re·cip·ro·cat·ing.
  1. to give, feel, etc., in return.
  2. to give and receive reciprocally; interchange: to reciprocate favors.
  3. to cause to move alternately backward and forward.
verb (used without object), re·cip·ro·cat·ed, re·cip·ro·cat·ing.
  1. to make a return, as for something given.
  2. to make interchange.
  3. to be correspondent.
  4. to move alternately backward and forward.

Origin of reciprocate

1605–15; < Latin reciprocātus past participle of reciprocāre to move back and forth. See reciprocal, -ate1
Related formsre·cip·ro·ca·tive, re·cip·ro·ca·to·ry [ri-sip-ruh-kuh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /rɪˈsɪp rə kəˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/, adjectivere·cip·ro·ca·tor, nounnon·re·cip·ro·cat·ing, adjectiveun·re·cip·ro·cat·ed, adjectiveun·re·cip·ro·cat·ing, adjective

Synonyms

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1. return, respond, retaliate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for reciprocating

reciprocate

verb
  1. to give or feel in return
  2. to move or cause to move backwards and forwards
  3. (intr) to be correspondent or equivalent
Derived Formsreciprocation, nounreciprocative or reciprocatory, adjectivereciprocator, noun

Word Origin

C17: from Latin reciprocāre, from reciprocus reciprocal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for reciprocating

adj.

"moving back and forth," 1690s, present participle adjective from reciprocate (v.). Specifically of machines by 1822.

reciprocate

v.

"to return, requite," 1610s, back-formation from reciprocation, or else from Latin reciprocatus, past participle of reciprocare "rise and fall, move back and forth; reverse the motion of," from reciprocus (see reciprocal). Related: Reciprocated; reciprocating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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