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redneck

or red-neck

[red-nek]Informal: Disparaging.
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noun
  1. an uneducated white farm laborer, especially from the South.
  2. a bigot or reactionary, especially from the rural working class.
adjective
  1. Also red-necked. narrow, prejudiced, or reactionary: a redneck attitude.

Origin of redneck

An Americanism dating back to 1820–30; red1 + neck

Usage note

All the senses of this term are used with disparaging intent, implying negative stereotypical traits such as ignorance and narrow-mindedness.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for red-necked

Historical Examples

  • In April the Red-necked Grebe returns to its accustomed inland summer haunts to breed.

    British Sea Birds

    Charles Dixon

  • You're identified forever with the red-necked aristocrats who smash five thousand dollar motors and throw them away.

    A Hoosier Chronicle

    Meredith Nicholson

  • Didn't yu feel az tho yu would like to help to pitch the red-necked and tobacco-chawing curse out ov the windo?

    Josh Billings on Ice

    Henry Wheeler Shaw

  • Two pompous, red-cheeked, red-necked individuals stepped forward, without so much as a "by-your-leave!"

    The Ghost Breaker

    Charles Goddard

  • The gray bark disease and anthracnose, also snowy tree cricket and red-necked cane borer, are controlled in this way.


British Dictionary definitions for red-necked

redneck

noun derogatory
  1. (in the southwestern US) a poor uneducated White farm worker
  2. a person or institution that is extremely reactionary
adjective
  1. reactionary and bigotedredneck laws
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for red-necked

redneck

n.

"cracker," attested 1830 in a specialized sense ("This may be ascribed to the Red Necks, a name bestowed upon the Presbyterians in Fayetteville" -- Ann Royall, "Southern Tour I," p.148), from red (adj.1) + neck (n.). According to various theories, red perhaps from anger, or from pellagra, but most likely from mule farmers' outdoors labor in the sun, wearing a shirt and straw hat, with the neck exposed. Cf. redshanks, old derogatory name for Scots Highlanders and Celtic Irish (1540s), from their going bare-legged.

It turns up again in an American context in 1904, again from Fayetteville, in a list of dialect words, meaning this time "an uncouth countryman" ["Dialect Notes," American Dialect Society, Vol. II, Part VI, 1904], but seems not to have been in widespread use in the U.S. before c.1915. In the meantime, it was used from c.1894 in South Africa (translating Dutch Roinek) as an insulting Boer name for "an Englishman."

Another common Boer name for an Englishman is "redneck," drawn from the fact that the back of an Englishman's neck is often burnt red by the sun. This does not happen to the Boer, who always wears a broad-brimmed hat. [James Bryce, "Impressions of South Africa," London, 1899]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

red-necked in Culture

redneck

A slang term, usually for a rural white southerner who is politically conservative, racist, and a religious fundamentalist (see fundamentalism). This term is generally considered offensive. It originated in reference to agricultural workers, alluding to how the back of a person's neck will be burned by the sun if he works long hours in the fields.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.