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disperse

[dih-spurs]
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verb (used with object), dis·persed, dis·pers·ing.
  1. to drive or send off in various directions; scatter: to disperse a crowd.
  2. to spread widely; disseminate: to disperse knowledge.
  3. to dispel; cause to vanish: The wind dispersed the fog.
  4. Physical Chemistry. to cause (particles) to separate uniformly throughout a solid, liquid, or gas.
  5. Optics. to subject (light) to dispersion.
verb (used without object), dis·persed, dis·pers·ing.
  1. to separate and move apart in different directions without order or regularity; become scattered: The crowd dispersed.
  2. to be dispelled; be scattered out of sight; vanish: The smoke dispersed into the sky.
adjective
  1. Physical Chemistry. noting the dispersed particles in a dispersion.

Origin of disperse

1350–1400; Middle English dispersen, disparsen (< Middle French disperser) < Latin dispersus (past participle of dispergere), equivalent to di- di-2 + -sper(g)- scatter (stem of -spergere, combining form of spargere to scatter, strew) + -sus past participle suffix
Related formsdis·pers·ed·ly [dih-spur-sid-lee] /dɪˈspɜr sɪd li/, adverbdis·pers·er, noundis·pers·i·bil·i·ty, noundis·pers·i·ble, adjectivepre·dis·perse, verb (used with object), pre·dis·persed, pre·dis·pers·ing.re·dis·perse, verb, re·dis·persed, re·dis·pers·ing.un·dis·persed, adjectiveun·dis·pers·ing, adjectivewell-dis·persed, adjective
Can be confuseddisperse disbursedisperse dispose

Synonyms

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1. See scatter. 2. sow, broadcast. 7. disappear, evanesce.

Antonyms

1. combine, collect.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for redisperse

disperse

verb
  1. to scatter; distribute over a wide area
  2. to dissipate or cause to dissipate
  3. to leave or cause to leave a gathering, often in a random manner
  4. to separate or be separated by dispersion
  5. (tr) to diffuse or spread (news, information, etc)
  6. to separate (particles) throughout a solid, liquid, or gas, as in the formation of a suspension or colloid
adjective
  1. of or consisting of the particles in a colloid or suspensiondisperse phase
Derived Formsdispersedly (dɪˈspɜːsɪdlɪ), adverbdisperser, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Latin dispērsus scattered, from dispergere to scatter widely, from di- ² + spargere to strew

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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for redisperse

disperse

v.

late 14c., from Latin dispersus, past participle of dispergere "to scatter," from dis- "apart, in every direction" (see dis-) + spargere "to scatter" (see sparse). The Latin word is glossed in Old English by tostregdan. Related: Dispersed; dispersing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

redisperse in Medicine

disperse

(dĭ-spûrs)
v.
  1. To cause to separate and move in different directions; scatter.
  2. To cause to vanish or disappear.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.