In this instance, the Ngram data offer a refinement, not a revelation.
Kyoto, Japan, is one of my favorite places for the refinement of the food and the ambiance of the city.
Back in the USA, returning veterans found that the middle class had adopted the piano as a sign of refinement.
We find them consistently hostile to learning and refinement in black people, which is described as "trying to be white."
Yet Karadzic, 67, posed before the court as a figure of refinement and learning, incapable of such crimes.
Speculative knowledge, taste, and refinement must receive a due share of attention, but be kept in their place.
It was a wonderful voyage which this gentleman, from the refinement and culture of France, made alone with these savages.
Classical purity and refinement of taste are his specialties as an actor, and neither power nor intensity.
He looked and acted like a gentleman, and his speech indicated that he was a person of refinement.
To tell the fortunes of gypsy girls was, he thought, the refinement of presumption.