supports, one of the stations of the Israelites, situated in the Wady Feiran, near its junction with the Wady esh-Sheikh. Here no water could be found for the people to drink, and in their impatience they were ready to stone Moses, as if he were the cause of their distress. At the command of God Moses smote "the rock in Horeb," and a copious stream flowed forth, enough for all the people. After this the Amalekites attacked the Israelites while they were here encamped, but they were utterly defeated (Ex. 17:1, 8-16). They were the "first of the nations" to make war against Israel (Num. 24:20). Leaving Rephidim, the Israelites advanced into the wilderness of Sinai (Ex. 19:1, 2; Num. 33:14, 15), marching probably through the two passes of the Wady Solaf and the Wady esh-Sheikh, which converge at the entrance to the plain er-Rahah, the "desert of Sinai," which is two miles long and about half a mile broad. (See SINAI ØT0003442; MERIBAH.)
From rephidim they came to Mount Sinai where they encamped for a whole year.
Two days to rephidim, which is inhabited by Arabians, and contains no Jews.
In his early years, when overthrowing the Amalekites near rephidim, he had given proof of courage and good generalship.
At rephidim (station 13) two events are recorded as occurring.
And Israel set forth from the wilderness of Sin and encamped at rephidim.
It is remarkable what a hold that incident at rephidim has taken on the Christian imagination.
And Amalek came and strove with Israel in rephidim, and was smitten down with the edge of the sword.
But it indicated that the feature that had appeared at rephidim would continue to characterise him during his life.
Thence it is two days' journey to rephidim where the Arabs dwell, but there are no Jews there.
When they came to rephidim there was no water, and the people complained again to Moses.