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repudiate

[ri-pyoo-dee-eyt]
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verb (used with object), re·pu·di·at·ed, re·pu·di·at·ing.
  1. to reject as having no authority or binding force: to repudiate a claim.
  2. to cast off or disown: to repudiate a son.
  3. to reject with disapproval or condemnation: to repudiate a new doctrine.
  4. to reject with denial: to repudiate a charge as untrue.
  5. to refuse to acknowledge and pay (a debt), as a state, municipality, etc.

Origin of repudiate

1535–45; < Latin repudiātus (past participle of repudiāre to reject, refuse), equivalent to repudi(um) a casting off, divorce (re- re- + pud(ere) to make ashamed, feel shame (see pudendum) + -ium -ium) + -ātus -ate1
Related formsre·pu·di·a·ble, adjectivere·pu·di·a·tive, adjectivere·pu·di·a·tor, nounnon·re·pu·di·a·ble, adjectivenon·re·pu·di·a·tive, adjectiveun·re·pu·di·a·ble, adjectiveun·re·pu·di·at·ed, adjectiveun·re·pu·di·a·tive, adjective
Can be confusedrepudiate refute refudiate (see word story at refudiate)

Synonyms

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1. disavow, renounce, discard, disclaim. 3. condemn, disapprove.

Antonyms

1. accept. 3. approve.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for repudiative

repudiate

verb (tr)
  1. to reject the authority or validity of; refuse to accept or ratifyCongress repudiated the treaty that the President had negotiated
  2. to refuse to acknowledge or pay (a debt)
  3. to cast off or disown (a son, lover, etc)
Derived Formsrepudiable, adjectiverepudiation, nounrepudiative, adjectiverepudiator, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Latin repudiāre to put away, from repudium a separation, divorce, from re- + pudēre to be ashamed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for repudiative

repudiate

v.

1540s, "to cast off by divorce," from Latin repudiatus, past participle of repudiare "to cast off, put away, divorce, reject, scorn, disdain," from repudium "divorce, rejection, a putting away, dissolution of marriage," from re- "back, away" (see re-) + pudium, probably related to pes-/ped- "foot" [Barnhart]. If this is so, the original notion may be of kicking something away, but folk etymology commonly connects it with pudere "cause shame to." Of opinions, conduct, etc., "to refuse to acknowledge," attested from 1824. Earliest in English as an adjective meaning "divorced, rejected, condemned" (mid-15c.). Related: Repudiated; repudiating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper