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[ri-zahyn] /rɪˈzaɪn/
verb (used without object)
to give up an office or position, often formally (often followed by from):
to resign from the presidency.
to submit; yield:
to resign before the inevitable.
verb (used with object)
to give up (an office, position, etc.), often formally.
to relinquish (a right, claim, agreement, etc.).
to give or sign over, as to the control or care of another:
She resigned her child to an adoption agency.
to submit (oneself, one's mind, etc.) without resistance.
Origin of resign
1325-75; Middle English resignen < Middle French resigner < Latin resignāre to open, release, cancel, equivalent to re- re- + signāre to mark, seal, sign
Can be confused
re-sign, resign.
1. withdraw. 3. abdicate, renounce; quit, leave. 4. give up, surrender, cede, forgo. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for resign-from


when intr, often foll by from. to give up tenure of (a job, office, etc)
(transitive) to reconcile (oneself) to; yield: to resign oneself to death
(transitive) to give up (a right, claim, etc); relinquish: he resigned his claim to the throne
Derived Forms
resigner, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Old French resigner, from Latin resignāre to unseal, invalidate, destroy, from re- + signāre to seal; see sign
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for resign-from



late 14c., "give up, surrender, abandon, submit; relinquish," from Old French resigner "renounce, relinquish" (13c.), from Latin resignare "to check off, annul, cancel, give back, give up," from re- "opposite" (see re-) + signare "to make an entry in an account book," literally "to mark" (see sign (v.)).

The sense is of making an entry (signum) "opposite" -- on the credit side -- balancing the former mark and thus canceling the claim it represents. The specific meaning of "give up a position" is first recorded late 14c. Sense of "to give (oneself) up to some emotion or situation" is from 1718. Related: Resigned; resigning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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