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restoration

[res-tuh-rey-shuh n]
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noun
  1. the act of restoring; renewal, revival, or reestablishment.
  2. the state or fact of being restored.
  3. a return of something to a former, original, normal, or unimpaired condition.
  4. restitution of something taken away or lost.
  5. something that is restored, as by renovating.
  6. a reconstruction or reproduction of an ancient building, extinct animal, or the like, showing it in its original state.
  7. a putting back into a former position, dignity, etc.
  8. Dentistry.
    1. the work, process, or result of replacing or restoring teeth or parts of teeth.
    2. something that restores or replaces teeth or parts of teeth, as a filling, crown, or denture.
  9. the Restoration,
    1. the reestablishment of the monarchy in England with the return of Charles II in 1660.
    2. the period of the reign of Charles II (1660–85), sometimes extended to include the reign of James II (1685–88).
adjective
  1. (initial capital letter) of, relating to, or characteristic of the Restoration: Restoration manners.

Origin of restoration

1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin restaurātiōn- (stem of restaurātiō), equivalent to Latin restaurāt(us) (past participle of restaurāre to restore; see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion
Related formsan·ti·res·to·ra·tion, adjectivenon·res·to·ra·tion, nounpost-Res·to·ra·tion, nounpre-Res·to·ra·tion, adjectivepre·res·to·ra·tion, adjectivepro·res·to·ra·tion, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for restoration

restoration

noun
  1. the act of restoring or state of being restored, as to a former or original condition, place, etc
  2. the replacement or giving back of something lost, stolen, etc
  3. something restored, replaced, or reconstructed
  4. a model or representation of an extinct animal, landscape of a former geological age, etc

Restoration

noun
  1. British history
    1. the re-establishment of the monarchy in 1660 or the reign of Charles II (1660–85)
    2. (as modifier)Restoration drama
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for restoration

n.

late 14c., "a means of healing or restoring health; renewing of something lost," from Old French restoration (Modern French restauration) and directly from Late Latin restorationem (nominative restoratio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin restaurare (see restore).

Mid-15c. as "the repairing of a building;" c.1500 as "a restoring to a former state." With a capital R-, in reference to the reestablishment of the English monarchy under Charles II in 1660, from 1718. As a period in English theater, attested from 1898. In French history, it refers to 1814. An earlier word in this sense was restauration (late 14c.), from French.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

restoration in Medicine

restoration

(rĕs′tə-rāshən)
n.
  1. Any of various dental fittings, such as an inlay, crown, bridge, or denture, that restore or replace lost tooth structure, teeth, or oral tissues.
  2. A substance used to restore the missing portion of a tooth.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

restoration in Culture

Restoration

The return of constitutional monarchy in Britain in the late seventeenth century. The Stuarts were placed back on the throne; the first of them after the Restoration was King Charles II.

Note

The Restoration is known as a period of comparative gaiety in England after the severe days of government by the Puritans. Plays, in particular, had been banned by the Puritans; a large number, notably comedies, were produced during the Restoration.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.