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retaliation

[ri-tal-ee-ey-shuh n]
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noun
  1. the act of retaliating; return of like for like; reprisal.

Origin of retaliation

First recorded in 1575–85; retaliate + -ion
Related formscoun·ter·re·tal·i·a·tion, nounnon·re·tal·i·a·tion, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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Word Origin and History for retaliation

n.

1580s, noun of action from Late Latin retaliare "pay back in kind," from re- "back" (see re-) + Latin talio "exaction of payment in kind," from or influenced by talis "suchlike" (see that). Originally used both in good and evil senses.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper