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retaliate

[ri-tal-ee-eyt] /rɪˈtæl iˌeɪt/
verb (used without object), retaliated, retaliating.
1.
to return like for like, especially evil for evil:
to retaliate for an injury.
verb (used with object), retaliated, retaliating.
2.
to requite or make return for (a wrong or injury) with the like.
Origin of retaliate
1605-1615
1605-15; < Late Latin retāliātus (past participle of retāliāre), equivalent to re- re- + tāli(s) such, of such a nature + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
retaliative, retaliatory
[ri-tal-ee-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /rɪˈtæl i əˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
retaliator, noun
unretaliated, adjective
unretaliating, adjective
unretaliative, adjective
unretaliatory, adjective
Synonyms
1. counter, repay, reciprocate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for retaliatory

retaliate

/rɪˈtælɪˌeɪt/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to take retributory action, esp by returning some injury or wrong in kind
2.
(intransitive) to cast (accustations) back upon a person
3.
(transitive) (rare) to avenge (an injury, wrong, etc)
Derived Forms
retaliation, noun
retaliative, retaliatory, adjective
retaliator, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Late Latin retāliāre, from Latin re- + tālis of such kind
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for retaliatory
adj.

1783; see retaliate + -ory. Alternative retaliative attested from 1819.

retaliate

v.

1610s, from Latin retaliatus, past participle of retaliare "requite, retaliate" (see retaliation). Related: Retaliated; retaliating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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