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tax

[taks]
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noun
  1. a sum of money demanded by a government for its support or for specific facilities or services, levied upon incomes, property, sales, etc.
  2. a burdensome charge, obligation, duty, or demand.
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verb (used with object)
  1. (of a government)
    1. to demand a tax from (a person, business, etc.).
    2. to demand a tax in consideration of the possession or occurrence of (income, goods, sales, etc.), usually in proportion to the value of money involved.
  2. to lay a burden on; make serious demands on: to tax one's resources.
  3. to take to task; censure; reprove; accuse: to tax one with laziness.
  4. Informal. to charge: What did he tax you for that?
  5. Archaic. to estimate or determine the amount or value of.
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verb (used without object)
  1. to levy taxes.
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Origin of tax

1250–1300; (v.) Middle English taxen < Medieval Latin taxāre to tax, appraise, Latin: to appraise, handle, frequentative of tangere to touch; (noun) Middle English, derivative of the v.
Related formstax·er, nountax·ing·ly, adverbtax·less, adjectivetax·less·ly, adverbtax·less·ness, nounan·ti·tax, adjectivenon·tax, noun, adjectivenon·tax·er, nounpro·tax, adjectivere·tax, verb (used with object)self-taxed, adjectivesub·tax·er, nounun·der·taxed, adjectiveun·tax, verb (used with object)well-taxed, adjective
Can be confusedtacks tax

Synonyms

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1. duty, impost, levy. 4. strain, tire, stretch.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for retax

tax

noun
  1. a compulsory financial contribution imposed by a government to raise revenue, levied on the income or property of persons or organizations, on the production costs or sales prices of goods and services, etc
  2. a heavy demand on something; straina tax on our resources
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verb (tr)
  1. to levy a tax on (persons, companies, etc, or their incomes, etc)
  2. to make heavy demands on; strainto tax one's intellect
  3. to accuse, charge, or blamehe was taxed with the crime
  4. to determine (the amount legally chargeable or allowable to a party to a legal action), as by examining the solicitor's bill of coststo tax costs
  5. slang to steal
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Derived Formstaxer, nountaxless, adjective

Word Origin

C13: from Old French taxer, from Latin taxāre to appraise, from tangere to touch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for retax

tax

n.

early 14c., "obligatory contribution levied by a sovereign or government," from Anglo-French tax, Old French taxe, and directly from Medieval Latin taxa, from Latin taxare (see tax (v.)). Related: taxes. Tax shelter is attested from 1961.

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tax

v.

c.1300, "impose a tax on," from Old French taxer "impose a tax" (13c.), from Latin taxare "evaluate, estimate, assess, handle," also "censure, charge," probably a frequentative form of tangere "to touch" (see tangent). Sense of "burden, put a strain on" first recorded 1670s; that of "censure, reprove" is from 1560s. Its use in Luke ii for Greek apographein "to enter on a list, enroll" is due to Tyndale. Related: Taxed; taxing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with retax

tax

In addition to the idiom beginning with tax

also see:

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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.