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[ret-n-uh, ret-nuh] /ˈrɛt n ə, ˈrɛt nə/
noun, plural retinas, retinae
[ret-n-ee] /ˈrɛt nˌi/ (Show IPA).
the innermost coat of the posterior part of the eyeball that receives the image produced by the lens, is continuous with the optic nerve, and consists of several layers, one of which contains the rods and cones that are sensitive to light.
Trademark, Computers.
Retina, a brand name used by Apple, Inc., to describe display screens having a resolution so high that it is difficult to see individual pixels with the human eye:
a Retina display; Retina technology; Retina quality.
Origin of retina
1350-1400; Middle English ret(h)ina < Medieval Latin rētina, perhaps equivalent to Latin rēt- (stem of rēte) net + -ina -ine1


[ret-n-ey] /ˌrɛt nˈeɪ/
Pharmacology, Trademark.
a brand of tretinoin, used especially to reduce wrinkles caused by overexposure to the sun.
First recorded in 1975-80 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for retina


noun (pl) -nas, -nae (-ˌniː)
the light-sensitive membrane forming the inner lining of the posterior wall of the eyeball, composed largely of a specialized terminal expansion of the optic nerve. Images focused here by the lens of the eye are transmitted to the brain as nerve impulses
Derived Forms
retinal, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Medieval Latin, perhaps from Latin rēte net
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for retina

late 14c., from Medieval Latin retina "the retina," probably from Vulgar Latin (tunica) *retina, literally "net-like tunic," on resemblance to the network of blood vessels at the back of the eye, and ultimately from Latin rete "net" (see reticulate (adj.)). The Vulgar Latin phrase might be Gerard of Cremona's 12c. translation of Arabic (tabaqa) shabakiyyah "netlike (layer)," itself probably a translation of Greek amphiblestroeides (khiton).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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retina in Medicine

retina ret·i·na (rět'n-ə)
n. pl. ret·i·nas or ret·i·nae (rět'n-ē')
The delicate multilayered light-sensitive membrane lining the inner posterior chamber of the eyeball containing the rods and cones and connected by the optic nerve to the brain.

ret'i·nal adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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retina in Science
Plural retinas or retinae (rět'n-ē')
The light-sensitive membrane that lines the inside of the back of the eyeball and connects to the brain by the optic nerve. The retina of vertebrate animals contains rods and cones, specialized cells that absorb light.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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retina in Culture
retina [(ret-n-uh)]

The inner layer of the eye, sensitive to light, that is connected to the brain by the optic nerve. The retina lines the rear of the eye-ball. The lens of the eye focuses waves of light on the retina.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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