- the examination before a judicial tribunal of the facts put in issue in a cause, often including issues of law as well as those of fact.
- the determination of a person's guilt or innocence by due process of law.
- the act of trying, testing, or putting to the proof.
- test; proof.
- an attempt or effort to do something.
- a tentative or experimental action in order to ascertain results; experiment.
- the state or position of a person or thing being tried or tested; probation.
- subjection to suffering or grievous experiences; a distressed or painful state: comfort in the hour of trial.
- an affliction or trouble.
- a trying, distressing, or annoying thing or person.
- Ceramics. a piece of ceramic material used to try the heat of a kiln and the progress of the firing of its contents.
- of, relating to, or employed in a trial.
- done or made by way of trial, proof, or experiment.
- used in testing, experimenting, etc.
- acting or serving as a sample, experimental specimen, etc.: a trial offer.
- on trial,
- undergoing examination before a judicial tribunal.
- undergoing a probationary or trial period.
Origin of trial
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for retrial
I was convicted a year later and sentenced to death—a charge later overturned by the Supreme Court when it called for a retrial.An American Marine in Iran’s Prisons Goes on Hunger Strike
December 18, 2014
The state, after consulting families, decided not to attempt a retrial of Michaels.How the ‘Witch Hunt’ Myth Undermined American Justice
July 12, 2014
It was not a retrial per se, but rather a fresh look at the appeal process that freed Knox.Italian Judge Explains Why Amanda Knox Did It
Barbie Latza Nadeau
April 29, 2014
Smiling and waving, his conviction overturned, a confident Hosni Mubarak showed up for his retrial in Cairo.Confident Hosni Mubarak Appears in Court
April 13, 2013
Many activists and human-rights advocates met the news of the retrial with cautious optimism.The Unfinished Mubarak Business
April 12, 2013
Mr. Henderson succeeded in getting a retrial, and even a third hearing, but still the man was under sentence of death.The Lincoln Story Book
Henry L. Williams
It made an immense excitement; the State rose as one man and clamored for Clayton's pardon and retrial.The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg and Other Stories
Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
The result of a doubtful (non liquet) verdict was a retrial of the case at some future time.
They had hoped to secure a countersign of their own judgment without a retrial by the governor.
- a second or new trial, esp of a case that has already been adjudicated upon
- the act or an instance of trying or proving; test or experiment
- (as modifier)a trial run
- the judicial examination of the issues in a civil or criminal cause by a competent tribunal and the determination of these issues in accordance with the law of the land
- the determination of an accused person's guilt or innocence after hearing evidence for the prosecution and for the accused and the judicial examination of the issues involved
- (as modifier)trial proceedings
- an effort or attempt to do somethingwe had three trials at the climb
- trouble or grief
- an annoying or frustrating person or thing
- (often plural) a competition for individualssheepdog trials
- a motorcycling competition in which the skills of the riders are tested over rough ground
- ceramics a piece of sample material used for testing the heat of a kiln and its effects
- on trial
- undergoing trial, esp before a court of law
- being tested, as before a commitment to purchase
- (tr) to test or make experimental use of (something)the idea has been trialled in several schools
- a grammatical number occurring in some languages for words in contexts where exactly three of their referents are described or referred to
- (modifier) relating to or inflected for this number
Word Origin and History for retrial
mid-15c., "act or process of testing," from Anglo-French trial, noun formed from triet "to try" (see try). Sense of "examining and deciding a case in a court of law" is first recorded 1570s; extended to any ordeal by 1590s. As an adjectival phrase, trial-and-error is recorded from 1806. Trial balloon (1939) is congnate of French ballon d'essai.