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2017 Word of the Year

ridge

[rij] /rɪdʒ/
noun
1.
a long, narrow elevation of land; a chain of hills or mountains.
2.
the long and narrow upper edge, angle, or crest of something, as a hill, wave, or vault.
3.
the back of an animal.
4.
any raised, narrow strip, as on cloth.
5.
the horizontal line in which the tops of the rafters of a roof meet.
6.
(on a weather chart) a narrow, elongated area of high pressure.
verb (used with object), ridged, ridging.
7.
to provide with or form into a ridge or ridges.
8.
to mark with or as if with ridges.
verb (used without object), ridged, ridging.
9.
to form ridges.
Origin of ridge
900
before 900; Middle English rigge (noun), Old English hrycg spine, crest, ridge; cognate with Dutch rug, German Rücken, Old Norse hryggr
Related forms
ridgelike, adjective
unridged, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for ridged
Historical Examples
  • Very deliberately he struck him across the face with three ridged fingers.

    Slaves of Mercury Nat Schachner
  • They rested on ridged earth, black against the cold, grey sky.

    The Long Roll Mary Johnston
  • It was all naked rock, ridged and pitted, and everywhere yellow-tinged.

    Beyond the Vanishing Point Raymond King Cummings
  • The wall beside us had been smooth, but now it was broken and ridged.

    Beyond the Vanishing Point Raymond King Cummings
  • The interior, high ceilinged to the ridged roof, was unbroken by supports.

    Desert Dust Edwin L. Sabin
  • The face which was thrust into the Commissioner's was ridged and veined with passion.

  • His fingers felt the ridged wrappings and the smooth, warm stone of the bowl.

    Shaman Robert Shea
  • It seemed half maniacal, it was so ridged with bright eagerness.

    Rhoda Fleming, Complete George Meredith
  • It is clothed in a smooth, brown bark, ridged only in older trees.

    American Forest Trees

    Henry H. Gibson
  • They are, in short, mountains of elevation, ridged up by tangential thrusts.

British Dictionary definitions for ridged

ridge

/rɪdʒ/
noun
1.
a long narrow raised land formation with sloping sides esp one formed by the meeting of two faces of a mountain or of a mountain buttress or spur
2.
any long narrow raised strip or elevation, as on a fabric or in ploughed land
3.
(anatomy) any elongated raised margin or border on a bone, tooth, tissue membrane, etc
4.
  1. the top of a roof at the junction of two sloping sides
  2. (as modifier): a ridge tile
5.
the back or backbone of an animal, esp a whale
6.
(meteorol) an elongated area of high pressure, esp an extension of an anticyclone Compare trough (sense 4)
verb
7.
to form into a ridge or ridges
Derived Forms
ridgelike, adjective
ridgy, adjective
Word Origin
Old English hrycg; related to Old High German hrucki, Old Norse hryggr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ridged

ridge

n.

Old English hrycg "back of a man or beast," probably reinforced by Old Norse hryggr "back, ridge," from Proto-Germanic *khrugjaz (cf. Old Frisian hregg, Old Saxon hruggi, Dutch rug, Old High German hrukki, German Rücken "the back"), of uncertain origin. Also in Old English, "the top or crest of anything," especially when long and narrow. The connecting notion is of the "ridge" of the backbone. Spelling with -dg- is from late 15c. Ridge-runner "Southern Appalachian person" first recorded 1917.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ridged in Medicine

ridge (rĭj)
n.
A long, narrow, or crested part of the body, as on the nose.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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ridged in Science
ridge
  (rĭj)   
  1. A long narrow chain of hills or mountains.

  2. See mid-ocean ridge.

  3. A narrow, elongated zone of relatively high atmospheric pressure associated with an area of peak anticyclonic circulation. Compare trough.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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9
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