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roaster

[roh-ster]
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noun
  1. a contrivance for roasting something, as an oven, a pan for roasting meat, or a machine for roasting coffee beans.
  2. a pig, chicken, or other animal or article of a size convenient and grade suitable for roasting.
  3. a person or thing that roasts.
  4. a guest speaker at a roast.
  5. hot Jupiter.
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Origin of roaster

late Middle English word dating back to 1400–50; see origin at roast, -er1

roast

[rohst]
verb (used with object)
  1. to bake (meat or other food) uncovered, especially in an oven.
  2. to cook (meat or other food) by direct exposure to dry heat, as on a spit.
  3. to brown, dry, or parch by exposure to heat, as coffee beans.
  4. to cook or heat by embedding in hot coals, embers, etc.: to roast chestnuts.
  5. to heat excessively: The summer sun has been roasting the entire countryside.
  6. Metallurgy. to heat (ore or the like) in air in order to oxidize it.
  7. to warm at a hot fire: She roasted her hands over the fire.
  8. Informal. to ridicule or criticize severely or mercilessly.
  9. to honor with or subject to a roast: Friends roasted the star at a charity dinner.
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verb (used without object)
  1. to roast meat or other food.
  2. to undergo the process of becoming roasted.
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noun
  1. roasted meat or a piece of roasted meat, as a piece of beef or veal of a quantity and shape for slicing into more than one portion.
  2. a piece of meat for roasting.
  3. something that is roasted.
  4. the act or process of roasting.
  5. Informal. severe criticism.
  6. a facetious ceremonial tribute, usually concluding a banquet, in which the guest of honor is both praised and good-naturedly insulted in a succession of speeches by friends and acquaintances.
  7. an outdoor get-together, as a picnic or barbecue, at which food is roasted and eaten: a weenie roast.
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adjective
  1. roasted: roast beef.
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Origin of roast

1250–1300; Middle English rosten (v.) < Old French rostir < Germanic; compare Dutch roosten, German rösten
Related formsroast·a·ble, adjectivehalf-roast·ed, adjectiveo·ver·roast, verbun·der·roast, verb (used with object)un·roast·ed, adjectivewell-roast·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for roaster

Historical Examples

  • All of them kept coming to smell the air above the saucepans and the roaster.

    L'Assommoir

    Emile Zola

  • Alec described to the Captain the method of making the roaster.

    Girl Scouts in the Adirondacks

    Lillian Elizabeth Roy

  • In 1908, an improved type of Burns roaster was patented in the United States.

    All About Coffee

    William H. Ukers

  • In 1882, the Hungerfords, father and son, brought out a roaster.

    All About Coffee

    William H. Ukers

  • The roaster has survived, but the coffee maker was not so fortunate.

    All About Coffee

    William H. Ukers


British Dictionary definitions for roaster

roaster

noun
  1. a person or thing that roasts
  2. a roasting tin
  3. a piece of food, such as a chicken or a potato, that is suitable for roasting
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roast

verb (mainly tr)
  1. to cook (meat or other food) by dry heat, usually with added fat and esp in an oven
  2. to brown or dry (coffee, etc) by exposure to heat
  3. metallurgy to heat (an ore) in order to produce a concentrate that is easier to smelt
  4. to heat (oneself or something) to an extreme degree, as when sunbathing, sitting before the fire, etc
  5. (intr) to be excessively and uncomfortably hot
  6. informal to criticize severely
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noun
  1. something that has been roasted, esp meat
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Word Origin

C13: from Old French rostir, of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch roosten to roast
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for roaster

n.

mid-15c., agent noun from roast (v.). As a kind of oven, from 1799; as "article of food prepared for roasting," 1680s.

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roast

v.

late 13c., "to cook by dry heat," from Old French rostir "to roast, burn" (Modern French rôtir), from Frankish *hraustjan (cf. Old High German rosten, German rösten, Middle Dutch roosten "to roast"), originally "cook on a grate or gridiron," related to Germanic words meaning "gridiron, grate;" cf. German Rost, Middle Dutch roost.

Intransitive sense "be very hot, be exposed to great heat" is from c.1300. The meaning "make fun of in an affectionate way" is from 1710. From the same source as roster. Related: Roasted; roasting. Roast beef first recorded 1630s (cf. French rosbif, from English).

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roast

n.

early 14c., "meat roasted or for roasting;" see roast (v.). Meaning "a roasting" is from 1580s. Sense of "an unmerciful bantering" is from 1740.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper