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robot

[roh-buh t, -bot]
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noun
  1. a machine that resembles a human and does mechanical, routine tasks on command.
  2. a person who acts and responds in a mechanical, routine manner, usually subject to another's will; automaton.
  3. any machine or mechanical device that operates automatically with humanlike skill.
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adjective
  1. operating automatically: a robot train operating between airline terminals.
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Origin of robot

< Czech, coined by Karel Čapek in the play R.U.R. (1920) from the base robot-, as in robota compulsory labor, robotník peasant owing such labor
Related formsro·bot·ism, nounro·bot·ic, ro·bot·is·tic [roh-buh-tis-tik, -bo-] /ˌroʊ bəˈtɪs tɪk, -bɒ-/, adjectivero·bot·like, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for robotism

Historical Examples

  • Robotism is a menace more deadly, a blasphemy more foul than any Black Mass of history.

    Turning Point

    Alfred Coppel

  • But were those cracks the fault of robotism or were they in fact a failing inherent in Man himself?

    Turning Point

    Alfred Coppel


British Dictionary definitions for robotism

robot

noun
  1. any automated machine programmed to perform specific mechanical functions in the manner of a man
  2. (modifier) not controlled by man; automatica robot pilot
  3. a person who works or behaves like a machine; automaton
  4. Southern African a set of traffic lights
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Derived Formsrobotic, adjectiverobotism or robotry, nounrobot-like, adjective

Word Origin

C20: (used in R.U.R., a play by Karel Čapek) from Czech robota work; related to Old Slavonic rabota servitude, German Arbeit work
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for robotism

robot

n.

1923, from English translation of 1920 play "R.U.R." ("Rossum's Universal Robots"), by Karel Capek (1890-1938), from Czech robotnik "slave," from robota "forced labor, compulsory service, drudgery," from robotiti "to work, drudge," from an Old Czech source akin to Old Church Slavonic rabota "servitude," from rabu "slave," from Old Slavic *orbu-, from PIE *orbh- "pass from one status to another" (see orphan). The Slavic word thus is a cousin to German Arbeit "work" (Old High German arabeit). According to Rawson the word was popularized by Karel Capek's play, "but was coined by his brother Josef (the two often collaborated), who used it initially in a short story."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

robotism in Medicine

robot

(rōbŏt′)
n.
  1. A mechanical device that sometimes resembles a human and is capable of performing a variety of often complex human tasks on command or by being programmed in advance.
  2. A machine or device that operates automatically or by remote control.
  3. A person who works mechanically without original thought, especially one who responds automatically to the commands of others.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

robotism in Science

robot

[rōbŏt′]
  1. A machine designed to replace human beings in performing a variety of tasks, either on command or by being programmed in advance.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.